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An Alternative Look at Temporary Workers, Their Choices, and the Growth in Temporary Employment

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  • MICHAEL D. S. MORRIS
  • ALEXANDER VEKKER

Abstract

We examine temporary workers (temps), their choices, and growth in temporary employment. We find that some people choose a temporary job because they desire greater schedule flexibility, particularly students and women with children. For most, however, weaker permanent job opportunities drive them into temporary positions. Using the 1995 and 1997 Current Population Surveys (CPS) we find that both the percentage of the work force in temporary jobs and the absolute number of temps declined when applying a new CPS-based measure of temporary. This is in stark contrast to the rising percentage found in several previous studies when looking only at workers in personnel supply services and clearly questions prior claims and concerns about growth in the temporary work force.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Transaction Publishers in its journal Journal of Labor Research.

Volume (Year): 22 (2001)
Issue (Month): 2 (April)
Pages: 373-390

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Handle: RePEc:tra:jlabre:v:22:y:2001:i:2:p:373-390

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Web page: http://transactionpub.metapress.com/link.asp?target=journal&id=110581

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Cited by:
  1. Sarah Hamersma & Carolyn Heinrich, 2007. "Temporary Help Service Firms' Use of Employer Tax Credits: Implications for Disadvantaged Workers' Labor Market Outcomes," Upjohn Working Papers and Journal Articles 07-135, W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research.
  2. Carolyn J. Heinrich & Peter R. Mueser & Kenneth R. Troske, 2005. "Welfare to Temporary Work: Implications for Labor Market Outcomes," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 87(1), pages 154-173, February.
  3. David Biggs, 2006. "The Decline of the Temporary Worker: A Regional Perspective," Local Economy, Taylor and Francis Journals, vol. 21(3), pages 249-263, August.
  4. Heywood, John S. & Siebert, W. Stanley & Wei, Xiangdong, 2006. "Examining the Determinants of Agency Work: Do Family Friendly Practices Play a Role?," IZA Discussion Papers 2413, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  5. C Green & J S Heywood, 2007. "Are flexible contracts bad for workers? Evidence from job satisfaction data," Working Papers 590927, Lancaster University Management School, Economics Department.
  6. Chris Forde & Gary Slater, 2004. "Agency working in Britain: character, consequences and regulation," Working Papers 2004/4, Nottingham Trent University, Nottingham Business School, Economics Division.
  7. Sílvia Lopes & Maria Chambel, 2014. "Motives for Being Temporary Agency Worker: Validity Study of One Measure According to The Self-Determination Theory," Social Indicators Research, Springer, vol. 116(1), pages 137-152, March.
  8. Engellandt, Axel & Riphahn, Regina, 2004. "Temporary Contracts and Employee Effort," CEPR Discussion Papers 4178, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  9. Sharon Bolton & Maeve Houlihan & Knut Laaser, 2012. "Contingent Work and Its Contradictions: Towards a Moral Economy Framework," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, vol. 111(1), pages 121-132, November.

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