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HIV Status and Labor Market Participation in South Africa

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Author Info

  • James Levinsohn

    (Yale University and NBER)

  • Zoë M. McLaren

    (University of Michigan)

  • Olive Shisana

    (Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa)

  • Khangelani Zuma

    (Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa)

Registered author(s):

    Abstract

    We use econometric methods based on the propensity score to estimate the causal effect of HIV status on employment outcomes in South Africa. Relying on rich data from a national survey, which included HIV testing, we control for systematic differences between HIV-positive and HIV-negative individuals. We provide the first nationally representative estimates of the impact of HIV status on employment outcomes for southern Africa. Being HIV positive is associated with an increase of 6 to 7 percentage points in the likelihood of unemployment overall and 10 to 11 percentage points for those who are less educated. This disadvantage reinforces existing inequalities in South Africa. © 2013 The President and Fellows of Harvard College and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by MIT Press in its journal Review of Economics and Statistics.

    Volume (Year): 95 (2013)
    Issue (Month): 1 (March)
    Pages: 98-108

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    Handle: RePEc:tpr:restat:v:95:y:2013:i:1:p:98-108

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    Related research

    Keywords: HIV; employment; labor; South Africa;

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