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Job-Hopping in Silicon Valley: Some Evidence Concerning the Microfoundations of a High-Technology Cluster

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  • Bruce Fallick

    (Board of Governors, Federal Reserve System)

  • Charles A. Fleischman

    (Board of Governor, Federal Reserve System)

  • James B. Rebitzer

    (Case Western Reserve University, The Levy Institute, and The National Bureau of Economic Research)

Abstract

Observers of Silicon Valley's computer cluster report that employees move rapidly between competing firms, but evidence supporting this claim is scarce. Job-hopping is important in computer clusters because it facilitates the reallocation of talent and resources toward firms with superior innovations. Using new data on labor mobility, we find higher rates of job-hopping for college-educated men in Silicon Valley's computer industry than in computer clusters located out of the state. Mobility rates in other California computer clusters are similar to Silicon Valley's, suggesting some role for features of California law that make noncompete agreements unenforceable. Consistent with our model of innovation, mobility rates outside computer industries are no higher in California than elsewhere. Copyright by the President and Fellows of Harvard College and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by MIT Press in its journal The Review of Economics and Statistics.

Volume (Year): 88 (2006)
Issue (Month): 3 (August)
Pages: 472-481

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Handle: RePEc:tpr:restat:v:88:y:2006:i:3:p:472-481

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