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Technical Efficiency and U.S. Manufacturing Productivity Growth

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Author Info

  • Jeffrey I. Bernstein

    (Carleton University and NBER)

  • Theofanis P. Mamuneas

    (University of Leicester and University of Cyprus)

  • Panos Pashardes

    (University of Cyprus)

Abstract

This paper establishes that new inputs increase technical efficiency levels for U.S. manufacturing. Over the period 1950-1998, intermediate inputs exhibited higher rates of efficiency growth than labor and capital. Efficiency-adjusted productivity growth annually averaged 0.4 percentage points above measured growth. The gap between efficiency-adjusted and measured productivity growth arises from aggregating inputs using observed, and not efficiency-adjusted, cost share weights in the calculation of measured growth. Specifically, the decline in efficiency-adjusted material cost shares, compared to the measured shares, coupled with the comparatively high material input growth rate, was the main source of the productivity gap. © 2004 President and Fellows of Harvard College and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by MIT Press in its journal Review of Economics and Statistics.

Volume (Year): 86 (2004)
Issue (Month): 1 (February)
Pages: 402-412

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Handle: RePEc:tpr:restat:v:86:y:2004:i:1:p:402-412

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Web page: http://mitpress.mit.edu/journals/

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Cited by:
  1. Bernstein Jeffrey I. & Mamuneas Theofanis P., 2007. "Irreversible Investment, Capital Costs and Productivity Growth: Implications for Telecommunications," Review of Network Economics, De Gruyter, vol. 6(3), pages 1-22, September.
  2. Jeffrey I. Bernstein & Theofanis P. Mamuneas, 2007. "Public Infrastructure, Input Efficiency and Productivity Growth in the Canadian Food Processing Industry," Working Papers 0703, Florida International University, Department of Economics.
  3. Elena Ketteni & Theofanis Mamuneas & Panos Pashardes, 2013. "ICT and Energy Use: Patterns of Substitutability and Complementarity in Production," Cyprus Economic Policy Review, University of Cyprus, Economics Research Centre, vol. 7(1), pages 63-86, June.
  4. Peter Thompson, 2007. "Entrepreneurs, Managers, and the Organization of Work," Working Papers 0706, Florida International University, Department of Economics.
  5. Supawat Rungsuriyawiboon & Spyro Stefanou, 2004. "The Dynamics of Efficiency and Productivity Growth in U. S. Electric Utilities," Working Papers 0711, University of Crete, Department of Economics, revised 00 Aug 2006.

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