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Consumer Expenditures and Inequality: An Analysis Based on Decomposition of the Gini Coefficient

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  • Garner, Thesia I

Abstract

Inequality in U.S. consumption expenditures is examined using the Lerman and Yitzhaki covariance method for decomposing the Gini coefficient by factors. From the decomposition, nonparametric estimates of elasticities with respect to total expenditures are derived. Using data from the 1987 U.S. Consumer Expenditure Interview Survey, the overall Gini based on total annual consumption expenditures is 0.33. Consistent with parametric expenditure elasticities, the Gini expenditure elasticities for household operations, apparel and services, and entertainment are relatively high. An implication of this result is that taxing such goods and services will increase the progressivity or reduce the regressivity of the tax system. Copyright 1993 by MIT Press.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by MIT Press in its journal Review of Economics & Statistics.

Volume (Year): 75 (1993)
Issue (Month): 1 (February)
Pages: 134-38

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Handle: RePEc:tpr:restat:v:75:y:1993:i:1:p:134-38

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Web page: http://mitpress.mit.edu/journals/

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Cited by:
  1. Stéphane Mussard, 2006. "La décomposition des mesures d’inégalité en sources de revenu : l’indice de Gini et les généralisations," Cahiers de recherche 06-05, Departement d'Economique de la Faculte d'administration à l'Universite de Sherbrooke.
  2. Ferreiray, Pedro Cavalcanti & Santos, Marcelo Rodrigues, 2012. "The Effect of Social Security, Health, Demography and Technology on Retirement," Insper Working Papers wpe_274, Insper Working Paper, Insper Instituto de Ensino e Pesquisa.
  3. Cecilia García-Peñalosa & Elsa Orgiazzi, 2013. "Factor Components of Inequality: A Cross-Country Study," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 59(4), pages 689-727, December.
  4. Erich Battistin, 2002. "Errors in Survey Reports of Consumption Expenditures," 10th International Conference on Panel Data, Berlin, July 5-6, 2002 C4-2, International Conferences on Panel Data.
  5. Essama-Nssah, B., 2002. "Assessing the distributional impact of public policy," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2883, The World Bank.
  6. Wodon, Quentin & Yitzhaki, Shlomo, 2003. "The effect of using grouped data on the estimation of the Gini income elasticity," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 78(2), pages 153-159, February.
  7. Wodon, Quentin & Yitzhaki, Shlomo, 2002. "Inégalité et bien-être social
    [Inequality and Social Welfare]
    ," MPRA Paper 10488, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  8. Wodon, Quentin & Yitzhaki, Shlomo, 2002. "Неравенство И Общественное Благосостояние
    [Inequality and Social Welfare]
    ," MPRA Paper 10489, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  9. Marcelo Santos & Pedro Cavalcanti Ferreira, 2011. "The Effect of Social Security, Health, Demography and Technology on Retirement," 2011 Meeting Papers 903, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  10. Paul, Satya, 2004. "Income sources effects on inequality," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 73(1), pages 435-451, February.
  11. Susan Dynarski & Jonathan Gruber, 1997. "Can Families Smooth Variable Earnings?," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 28(1), pages 229-303.
  12. Wodon, Quentin & Yitzhaki, Shlomo, 2002. "Desigualdad y bienestar social
    [Inequality and Social Welfare]
    ," MPRA Paper 10487, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  13. P. Lazaridis, 2000. "Decomposition of Food Expenditure Inequality: An Application of the Extended Gini Coefficient to Greek Micro-Data," Social Indicators Research, Springer, vol. 52(2), pages 179-193, November.
  14. Akli Berri, 2009. "Transport consumption inequalities and redistributive effects of taxes: A repeated cross-sectional evaluation on French household data," Working Papers 145, ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality.
  15. Wodon, Quentin & Yitzhaki, Shlomo, 2002. "Inequality and Social Welfare," MPRA Paper 12298, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  16. Yitzhaki, Shlomo, 2002. "Do we need a separate poverty measurement?," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 18(1), pages 61-85, March.

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