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Teacher Layoffs: An Empirical Illustration of Seniority versus Measures of Effectiveness

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Author Info

  • Donald Boyd

    ()
    (Center for Policy Research, University at Albany, Rockefeller College)

  • Hamilton Lankford

    ()
    (School of Education, University at Albany)

  • Susanna Loeb

    ()
    (School of Education, Stanford University)

  • James Wyckoff

    ()
    (Curry School of Education, University of Virginia)

Abstract

School districts are confronting difficult choices in the aftermath of the financial crisis. Today, the financial imbalance in many school districts is so large that there may be few alternatives to teacher layoffs. In nearly all school districts, layoffs are currently determined by some version of teacher seniority. Yet, alternative approaches to personnel reductions may substantially reduce the harm to students from staff reductions relative to layoffs based on seniority. As a result, many school district leaders and other policy makers are raising important questions about whether~other criteria, such as measures of teacher effectiveness, should inform layoffs. This policy brief, a quick look at some aspects of the debate, illustrates the differences in New York City public schools that would result if layoffs were determined by seniority in comparison to a measure of teacher effectiveness. © 2011 Association for Education Finance and Policy

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by MIT Press in its journal Education Finance and Policy.

Volume (Year): 6 (2011)
Issue (Month): 3 (July)
Pages: 439-454

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Handle: RePEc:tpr:edfpol:v:6:y:2011:i:3:p:439-454

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Related research

Keywords: teacher layoffs; seniority; New York City public schools;

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Cited by:
  1. Rothstein, Jesse, 2012. "Teacher Quality Policy When Supply Matters," Institute for Research on Labor and Employment, Working Paper Series qt81q0f4bc, Institute of Industrial Relations, UC Berkeley.
  2. Koedel Cory & Leatherman Rebecca & Parsons Eric, 2012. "Test Measurement Error and Inference from Value-Added Models," The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy, De Gruyter, vol. 12(1), pages 1-37, November.
  3. Jason A. Grissom & Susanna Loeb & Nathaniel Nakashima, 2013. "Strategic Involuntary Teacher Transfers and Teacher Performance: Examining Equity and Efficiency," NBER Working Papers 19108, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Matthew M. Chingos & Kenneth A. Couch, 2013. "Class Size and Student Outcomes: Research and Policy Implications," Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 32(2), pages 411-438, 03.

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