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European Science Parks and Job Creation. An Exploratory Study

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Author Info

  • Sara Bassani

    ()
    (Università degli Studi di Bergamo)

  • Cristina Bettinelli

    ()
    (Università degli Studi di Bergamo)

  • Giovanna Dossena

    ()
    (Università degli Studi di Bergamo)

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    Abstract

    This paper investigates the factors affecting the success of a SP in terms of people employed. Our research covers the population of SPs in Europe (215 in total). We start with a brief focus on some definitional issues. After that, we discuss the underlying determinants that the literature recognizes as potential drivers of a SP's success. These are: (i) the age of the park; (ii) the proximity between University and SP; (iii) the existence of R&D centers and business incubators within the park; and (iv) its main sectors of activity. We also control for contextual effects. Our results suggest that a SPs success, in terms of job created, depends on the context in which the SP is situated, its longevity and its innovation capacity.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by DSI - Dipartimento di Studi sull'Impresa in its journal DSI Essays Series.

    Volume (Year): 22 (2012)
    Issue (Month): ()
    Pages:

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    Handle: RePEc:tov:dsiess:v:22:y:2012

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    Related research

    Keywords: Science Parks; Employees; R&D; Context;

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    References

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    1. B. Clarysse & M. Wright & A. Lockett & E. Van De Velde & A. Vohora, 2004. "Spinning Out New Ventures: A Typology Of Incubation Strategies From European Research Institutions," Working Papers of Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Ghent University, Belgium 04/228, Ghent University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
    2. Matias Ramirez & Peter Dickenson, 2010. "Gatekeepers, Knowledge Brokers And Inter-Firm Knowledge Transfer In Beijing'S Zhongguancun Science Park," International Journal of Innovation Management (ijim), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 14(01), pages 93-122.
    3. Siegel, Donald S. & Westhead, Paul & Wright, Mike, 2003. "Assessing the impact of university science parks on research productivity: exploratory firm-level evidence from the United Kingdom," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 21(9), pages 1357-1369, November.
    4. Koh, Francis C. C. & Koh, Winston T. H. & Tschang, Feichin Ted, 2005. "An analytical framework for science parks and technology districts with an application to Singapore," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 20(2), pages 217-239, March.
    5. Colombo, Massimo G. & Delmastro, Marco, 2002. "How effective are technology incubators?: Evidence from Italy," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 31(7), pages 1103-1122, September.
    6. Mariagrazia Squicciarini, 2009. "Science parks: seedbeds of innovation? A duration analysis of firms’ patenting activity," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 32(2), pages 169-190, February.
    7. Phan, Phillip H. & Siegel, Donald S. & Wright, Mike, 2005. "Science parks and incubators: observations, synthesis and future research," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 20(2), pages 165-182, March.
    8. Agrawal, Ajay & Cockburn, Iain, 2003. "The anchor tenant hypothesis: exploring the role of large, local, R&D-intensive firms in regional innovation systems," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 21(9), pages 1227-1253, November.
    9. Lorraine Watkins-Mathys & M. John Foster, 2006. "Entrepreneurship: the missing ingredient in China's STIPs?," Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 18(3), pages 249-274, May.
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