L’Inégal Développement Industriel De La Chine : Capacités D’Innovation Et Coexistence De Différents Modes D’Apprentissage Technologique
AbstractBased on the example of the automobile and electronics sector in China, the article examines the technological learning of companies in China and the way it is influenced by industrial policy. Companies have consolidated their production capacity and technological learning but are rarely in the position to develop an innovation capability. The article shows the diversity of enterprises and identifies two opposing modes of development, either based on technological transfers of foreign technologies mainly through state-owned enterprises, or based on assimilation and learning of technologies acquired through the clients in private or foreign-owned companies or other new enterprises, of a rather small size. The latter are less favoured by official policies and have difficulties in obtaining the advantages that may have been available through the national innovation system (training, higher education, research, technical centres, funding). This separation of the innovation system promoted by the government and the industrial system that was created through technological learning is, in the authors’ opinion, the main reason for a low innovation capability of the Chinese industry. The co-existence of these two different modes is a characteristic feature of China and explains why China does not follow the “imitation to innovation” path experiences by South Korea and Japan.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var in its journal Région et Développement.
Volume (Year): 28 (2008)
Issue (Month): ()
CHINE; DÉVELOPPEMENT INDUSTRIEL; APPRENTISSAGE TECHNOLOGIQUE; ENTREPRISES; TRANSFERTS DE TECHNOLOGIE; POLITIQUE INDUSTRIELLE; SYSTÈME NATIONAL D?INNOVATION;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- L11 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Production, Pricing, and Market Structure; Size Distribution of Firms
- L26 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Entrepreneurship
- O14 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Industrialization; Manufacturing and Service Industries; Choice of Technology
- O25 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Development Planning and Policy - - - Industrial Policy
- O30 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Technological Change; Research and Development; Intellectual Property Rights - - - General
- O33 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Technological Change; Research and Development; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes
- O38 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Technological Change; Research and Development; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Government Policy
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Gereffi, Gary, 1999. "International trade and industrial upgrading in the apparel commodity chain," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 48(1), pages 37-70, June.
- Ernst, Dieter & Kim, Linsu, 2002. "Global production networks, knowledge diffusion, and local capability formation," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 31(8-9), pages 1417-1429, December.
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- Gibbon, Peter, 2001. "Upgrading Primary Production: A Global Commodity Chain Approach," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 29(2), pages 345-363, February.
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