Clusters Et Stratégies De Développement En Chine
AbstractThis paper aims to analyse, through the nature and the evolution of clusters, the specific features of the Chinese development model, in relation with FDI and the public accompanying policies that have been implemented. Three types of clusters can be distinguished according to a chronology that fits in with the different stages of development : (i) industrial clusters that developed from reforms initiated at the beginning of the 1980s with the implementation of openness, development and infrastructure policies ; (ii) technological clusters that appeared in the 1990s, largely favoured by innovation policies ; (iii) more recently, the emergence of scientific-industrial clusters within metropolitan regions having implemented scientific policies that attract the R&D functions of multinational corporations. The most original feature of the development strategies, beyond the promotion of clusters on mainspring activities of the different development stages, is the parallel implementation of unbalanced growth on the territorial and the institutional level.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var in its journal Région et Développement.
Volume (Year): 28 (2008)
Issue (Month): ()
INVESTISSEMENTS DIRECTS ÉTRANGERS; CLUSTERS; STRATÉGIE DE DÉVELOPPEMENT; CHINE;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- O14 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Industrialization; Manufacturing and Service Industries; Choice of Technology
- O3 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Technological Change; Research and Development; Intellectual Property Rights
- O53 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Asia including Middle East
- R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
- R58 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Regional Development Planning and Policy
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