Corruption Et Sécurite Routière : Le Cas Des Transports Routiers D'Afrique Subsaharienne
AbstractPolice corruption is widespread and may be important in explaining the high risk of road fatalities in Sub-Saharan Africa. This study examines the impact of this phenomenon on road safety in Sub-Saharan Africa. A theoretical model is presented where a representative carrier faces corruptible policemen responsible for the enforcement of safety standards. The analysis of this model shows that the effect of corruption on road safety is ambiguous. Using a multiplicatively separable technology of apprehension we find a set of conditions under which corruption may worsen road safety. Some of these conditions hold in Sub-Saharan African countries characterized by the inadequacy of resources and weak institutions. To reduce the economic costs of road accidents in Sub-Saharan Africa (1 %-2 % of the GNP) it is important to equip the police with rolling stock and materials such as radars and increase the probability of punishment, and the penalties for bribing and fines.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var in its journal Région et Développement.
Volume (Year): 24 (2006)
Issue (Month): ()
CORRUPTION; SÉCURITÉ ROUTIÈRE; AFRIQUE SUBSAHARIENNE;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- D73 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Bureaucracy; Administrative Processes in Public Organizations; Corruption
- K42 - Law and Economics - - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior - - - Illegal Behavior and the Enforcement of Law
- R41 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Systems - - - Transportation: Demand, Supply, and Congestion
- N77 - Economic History - - Economic History: Transport, International and Domestic Trade, Energy, and Other Services - - - Africa; Oceania
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