Chilean Agriculture And Major Economic Reforms: Growth, Trade, Poverty And The Environment
AbstractThis study examines the Chilean experience of economic and trade reforms, deregulation and privatization beginning in the 1970s, and their effect on the agricultural sector from the 1980s to the present. Especially interesting is the interaction between the sectoral, macroeconomic and institutional reforms that influenced the incentive structure in factor markets. This study presents an interpretation of the principal impacts of the reforms and how they contributed to changes in the level and composition of production, the significant reduction in rural poverty, and rural-urban migration. The greater orientation toward the production of exportables encouraged by economic reforms contributed significantly to rural employment and incomes, and was also associated with a reduction in agro-chemical use relative to production value.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var in its journal Region et Developpement.
Volume (Year): 23 (2006)
Issue (Month): ()
CHILE; AGRICULTURAL POLICY; REFORMS; AGRICULTURAL EXPORTS; TRADE LIBERALIZATION; RURAL POVERTY; RURAL URBAN MIGRATIONS;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- Q12 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Micro Analysis of Farm Firms, Farm Households, and Farm Input Markets
- Q13 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Markets and Marketing; Cooperatives; Agribusiness
- Q17 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agriculture in International Trade
- Q18 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Policy; Food Policy
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