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Dynamique Du Processus De Convergence Régionale En Europe

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  • Sandy DALL'ERBA

    (REAL, Université de l'Illinois à Urbana-Champaign)

  • Julie LE GALLO

    (IERSO (IFReDE-GRES), Université Montesquieu-Bordeaux IV)

Abstract

In this paper, we analyze the evolution of the convergence process between 145 European regions over the period 1980-1999. In that purpose, we use the formal tools of spatial econometrics to identify and include the relevant spatial effects in the estimation of the appropriate conditional ß-convergence model for two sub-periods (1980-1989 and 1989-1999). While a spatial error model is the best specification for both periods, we detect spatial heterogeneity, in the form of structural instability and group wise heteroskedasticity, only for 1989-1999. These results highlight the formation of a convergence club between the peripheral regions of the European Union and a differentiation between the convergence process of the regions located in the core and the one of the regions located in the periphery.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var in its journal Region et Developpement.

Volume (Year): 21 (2005)
Issue (Month): ()
Pages: 119-139

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Handle: RePEc:tou:journl:v:21:y:2005:p:119-139

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Related research

Keywords: ß-CONVERGENCE; CLUBS DE CONVERGENCE; RÉGION; EUROPE; ÉCONOMETRIE SPATIALE;

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Cited by:
  1. Niang, Abdou-Aziz, 2010. "Croissance et convergence économique en Afrique : L’impact des effets spatiaux
    [Growth and convergence in Africa: The impact of spatial effects]
    ," MPRA Paper 24059, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Alexandra SCHAFFAR, 2008. "Regional Income Inequality And Urbanisation Trends In China: 1978-2005," Region et Developpement, Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var, vol. 28, pages 87-110.
  3. Bourdin, Sebastien & Elissalde, Bernard & Langlois, Patrice & Goya, Dominique, 2011. "Une approche prospective de la configuration des disparités économiques régionales au sein de l'Union européenne par la modélisation et la simulation
    [A forward-looking approach of the configu
    ," MPRA Paper 41307, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2011.
  4. Tausch, Arno, 2008. "308 Billion Euros into the Sand? The Debacle of the EU's Regional Policy [308 Milliarden Euro in den Sand? Zum Debakel der EU-Regionalpolitik]," MPRA Paper 10609, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  5. FE, Doukouré Charles, 2010. "Réduction de Droits de Douane et Convergence Réelle dans l'UEMOA
    [Tariffs Reduction and Real Convergence in WAEMU]
    ," MPRA Paper 26763, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  6. Carlos R. AZZONI & Alexandre S. ANDRADE, 2005. "The Tertiary Sector And Regional Inequality In Brazil," Region et Developpement, Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var, vol. 21, pages 155-172.
  7. Karine Pellier, 2007. "Convergence, Patenting Activity and Geographic Spillovers: A Spatial Econometric Analysis for European Regions," Working Papers 07-14, LAMETA, Universtiy of Montpellier, revised Dec 2007.
  8. Tausch, Arno, 2009. "Ist die Globalisierung fit für das soziale Europa?
    [Is Globalization fit for Social Europe?]
    ," MPRA Paper 14264, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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