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Migrants and International Economic Linkages: A Meta-Overview

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  • Peter Nijkamp
  • Masood Gheasi
  • Piet Rietveld

Abstract

The migration issue is a much debated subject in many developed countries. This study provides a review of the relationship between migrants and their international economic linkages. It then focuses on foreign direct investment (FDI), for both inward and outward FDI. This study aims to offer a synthesis by means of a meta-analysis of various studies, in order to test the robustness of the relationship between migration and FDI. Our results confirm that immigration has a positive impact on FDI investment in both directions (inward and outward), and that these impacts are higher when migrants are highly educated and skilled. RÉSUMÉ Le problème de la migration est un sujet qui suscite un intérêt considérable dans un grand nombre de pays évolués. Cette étude passe en revue les rapports entre les migrants et leurs liens économiques internationaux. Elle se penche en suite sur les investissements étrangers directs (IED), tant pour les IED étrangers que pour les investissements à l’étranger. L’étude s'efforce de présenter une synthèse par le biais de méta-analyses de différentes études, dans le but de tester la solidité des rapports entre migration et IED. Nos résultats confirment que la migration a eu un effet positif sur les investissements IED dans les deux sens (de l’étranger et à l’étranger, et qu'elle a un impact majeur lorsque les migrants sont des personnes haute ment qualifiées et spécialisées. RESUMEN La inmigración es un tema muy debatido en muchos países desarrollados. Este estudio proporciona una reseña de la relación entre los inmigrantes y sus enlaces económicos internacionales. Después se enfoca en la Inversión Extranjera Directa (IED), tanto de entrada como de salida. Este estudio tiene como objetivo ofrecer una síntesis mediante un metanáli sis de estudios varios para evaluar la solidez de la relación entre inmigración y la IED. Nuestros resultados confirman que la inmigración tiene un impacto positivo sobre la IED en ambas direcciones (entrada y salida), y que estos impactos son mayores cuando los inmigrantes tiene un alto nivel de educación y cualificación.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Spatial Economic Analysis.

Volume (Year): 6 (2011)
Issue (Month): 4 (July)
Pages: 359-376

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Handle: RePEc:taf:specan:v:6:y:2011:i:4:p:359-376

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  1. Thierry Mayer & Pierre-Philippe Combes & Miren Lafourcade, 2004. "Can Business and Social Networks Explain the Border Effect Puzzle?," Econometric Society 2004 North American Winter Meetings 330, Econometric Society.
  2. Javorcik, Beata S. & Özden, Çaglar & Spatareanu, Mariana & Neagu, Cristina, 2011. "Migrant networks and foreign direct investment," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 94(2), pages 231-241, March.
  3. Marina Murat & Sara Flisi, 2009. "Immigrant Links, Diasporas and FDI. An Empirical Investigation on Five European Countrie," Center for Economic Research (RECent) 032, University of Modena and Reggio E., Dept. of Economics.
  4. Brander, Luke M. & Van Beukering, Pieter & Cesar, Herman S.J., 2007. "The recreational value of coral reefs: A meta-analysis," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 63(1), pages 209-218, June.
  5. Gheasi, M. & Nijkamp, P. & Rietveld, P., 2009. "Migration and tourist flows," Serie Research Memoranda 0059, VU University Amsterdam, Faculty of Economics, Business Administration and Econometrics.
  6. Sourafel Girma & Zhihao Yu, 2002. "The link between immigration and trade: Evidence from the United Kingdom," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 138(1), pages 115-130, March.
  7. Jacques Poot, 2007. "Demographic Change and Regional Competitiveness: The Effects of Immigration and Ageing," Population Studies Centre Discussion Papers dp-64, University of Waikato, Population Studies Centre.
  8. Simonetta Longhi & Peter Nijkamp & Jacques Poot, 2005. "A Meta-Analytic Assessment of the Effect of Immigration on Wages," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 19(3), pages 451-477, 07.
  9. James E. Rauch & Vitor Trindade, 1999. "Ethnic Chinese Networks in International Trade," NBER Working Papers 7189, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  10. Dunlevy, James A. & Hutchinson, William K., 1999. "The Impact of Immigration on American Import Trade in the Late Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 59(04), pages 1043-1062, December.
  11. Mediha Sahin & Peter Nijkamp & Roger Stough, 2011. "Impact of urban conditions on firm performance of migrant entrepreneurs: a comparative Dutch–US study," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer, vol. 46(3), pages 661-689, June.
  12. Masood Gheasi & Peter Nijkamp & Piet Rietveld, 2011. "Migration and Foreign Direct Investment: Education Matters," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 11-136/3, Tinbergen Institute.
  13. Peter Nijkamp & Mediha Sahin & T�zin Baycan-Levent, 2009. "Migrant Entrepreneurship and New Urban Economic Opportunities," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 09-025/3, Tinbergen Institute.
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Cited by:
  1. Genc, Murat & Gheasi, Masood & Nijkamp, Peter & Poot, Jacques, 2011. "The Impact of Immigration on International Trade: A Meta-Analysis," IZA Discussion Papers 6145, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Rodolfo Metulini, 2013. "Spatial gravity models for international trade: a panel analysis among OECD countries," ERSA conference papers ersa13p522, European Regional Science Association.
  3. Annie Tubadji & Peter Nijkamp, 2013. "Cultural Distance and Gravity Effects among Migrants," ERSA conference papers ersa13p484, European Regional Science Association.

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