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Regional Social Capital: Why it Matters

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  • Edward J. Malecki
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    Abstract

    M alecki E. J. Regional social capital: why it matters, Regional Studies . Social capital refers to a culture of interaction among people, with productive economic outcomes. Social capital promotes regional learning both within a region and beyond, as it reinforces openness to the ideas of others. Regional cultures vary in the degree to which people -- individually and within their organizations -- trust and interact with one another, which is why regional outcomes vary. Innovation, learning and entrepreneurship -- key processes of regional development -- take place largely within and among people as members of companies and territorial organizations. Innovative milieus, industrial districts and knowledge economies are among the regions with extraordinary pools of social capital. M alecki E. J. 区域社会资本:有何&# x76F8;关性,区域研究。 93E;会资本指一种人与ӫ A;之间互动的文化,同 时产生生产性经济结&# x679C;。由于强化了人与 EBA;之间理念的互通,ޓ E;会资本能够促进区域 内外的区域性学习。&# x4E0D;同个体之间及其组 EC7;间的信任与互动程ת 6;存在不同程度的差异 , 这正是不同区域存在&# x5DEE;异的原因。 作为区域发展中的核&# x5FC3;过程,创新、学习 EE5;及公司多出现在公Կ 8;以及领域性组织成员 内部及相互之间。创&# x65B0;、产业区以及知识 ECF;济往往存在于拥有ި 1;出社会资本的区域。 社会资本 学习型区&# x57DF; 创新 学习 M alecki E. J. L'importance du capital social régional, Regional Studies . Le capital social se rapporte à une culture d'interaction humaine, dont les résultats économiques s'avèrent productifs. Le capital social promouvoit l'apprentissage régional à la fois au sein de et au delà d'une région, car il renforce la notion d'ouverture pour ce qui est des idées d'autrui. Les cultures régionales varient quant au point jusqu'auquel les individus -- individuellement et dans leurs groupements -- se font confiance et interagissent, ce qui explique la variation des résultats. L'innovation, l'apprentissage et l'esprit d'entreprise -- des étapes primordiaux de l'aménagement du territoire -- ont lieu en grande partie au sein de et parmi les gens en tant que membres des entreprises et des organismes territoriaux. Les milieux innovateurs, les districts industriels et les économies de la connaisance sont à trouver dans les régions où les bassins de capital social sont extraordinaires. Capital social Région d'apprentissage Innovation Apprentissage M alecki E. J. Regionales Sozialkapital: warum es wichtig ist, Regional Studies . Sozialkapital bezieht sich auf eine Kultur der Interaktion zwischen Menschen mit produktiven wirtschaftlichen Ergebnissen. Sozialkapital fördert das regionale Lernen sowohl innerhalb als auch außerhalb einer Region, da es eine Offenheit gegenüber den Ideen anderer verstärkt. In den regionalen Kulturen gibt es Unterschiede hinsichtlich des Ausmaßes, in dem Menschen -- einzeln und innerhalb ihrer Organisationen -- einander vertrauen und interagieren; hierin liegt der Grund, warum auch die regionalen Ergebnisse unterschiedlich ausfallen. Innovation, Lernen und Unternehmertum -- zentrale Prozesse der Regionalentwicklung -- finden zum Großteil innerhalb und zwischen Menschen als Mitgliedern von Unternehmen und territorialen Organisationen statt. Zu den Regionen mit außergewöhnlichem Reichtum an Sozialkapital gehören innovative Milieus, Industriebezirke und Wissenswirtschaften. Sozialkapital Lernregion Innovation Lernen M alecki E. J. El capital social regional: por qué es importante, Regional Studies . El capital social se refiere a una cultura de interacción entre las personas con resultados económicos productivos. El capital social fomenta el aprendizaje regional tanto dentro como fuera de una región ya que refuerza la apertura a las ideas de otros. En las culturas regionales existen variaciones en la medida en que las personas --individualmente y dentro de sus organizaciones-- confían e interactúan entre ellas, motivo por el cual varían los resultados regionales. La innovación, el aprendizaje y el interés empresarial --procesos clave del desarrollo regional-- tienen lugar en gran medida dentro y entre las personas como miembros de las empresas y organizaciones territoriales. Los medios sociales innovadores, las comarcas industriales y las economías del conocimiento pertenecen a las regiones con fondos extraordinarios de capital social. Capital social Región de aprendizaje Innovación Aprendizaje

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    Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

    Volume (Year): 46 (2012)
    Issue (Month): 8 (June)
    Pages: 1023-1039

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    Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:46:y:2012:i:8:p:1023-1039

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