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Co-evolution of Firms, Industries and Networks in Space


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  • Anne Ter Wal
  • Ron Boschma


Ter Wal A. L. J. and Boschma R. Co-evolution of firms, industries and networks in space, Regional Studies. The cluster literature suffers from a number of shortcomings: (1) it often neglects that cluster firms are heterogeneous in terms of capabilities; (2) it tends to overemphasize the importance of geographical proximity and underestimates the role of networks; and (3) it hardly addresses the origins and evolution of clusters. The authors propose a theoretical framework that brings together the literature on clusters, industrial dynamics, the evolutionary theory of the firm, and network theory. It is described how clusters co-evolve with: (1) the industry with to they adhere; (2) the capabilities of the firms they contain; and (3) the industry-wide knowledge network of which they are part. [image omitted] Ter Wal A. L. J. et Boschma R. La coevolution geographique des entreprises, des industries et des reseaux, Regional Studies. La documentation sur les clusters souffre d'un nombre de points faibles: (1) elle ne tient compte du fait que les clusters d'entreprises sont heterogenes en termes de leurs capacites: (2) elle a tendance a souligner l'importance de la proximite geographique et a ne pas donner assez d'importance au role des reseaux; (3) elle aborde a peine les origines et l'evolution des clusters. On propose un cadre theorique qui reunit la documentation sur les clusters, la dynamique industrielle, la theorie evolutionniste des entreprises et le theorie des reseaux. On presente comment les clusters evoluent simultanement avec: (1) l'industrie a laquelle elles s'adherent; (2) les capacites des entreprises concernees; et (3) le reseau de connaissance a l'echelle industrielle dont elles font partie. Evolution des clusters Dynamique des reseaux Dynamique industrielle Geographie economique evolutionniste Ter Wal A. L. J. und Boschma R. Koevolution von Firmen, Branchen und Netzwerken im Raum, Regional Studies. Die Literatur uber Cluster leidet unter einer Anzahl von Mangeln: (1) Es wird oft vernachlassigt, dass Cluster-Firmen hinsichtlich ihrer Fahigkeiten heterogen sind; (2) die Bedeutung der geografischen Nahe wird in der Regel zu stark betont, wahrend die Rolle von Netzwerken unterschatzt wird; und (3) auf den Ursprung und die Evolution von Clustern wird kaum eingegangen. Wir schlagen einen theoretischen Rahmen vor, in dem die Literatur uber Cluster mit der Literatur uber Branchendynamik, die evolutionare Theorie der Firma und die Netzwerktheorie zusammengebracht wird. Wir beschreiben, wie sich Cluster gemeinsam mit den folgenden Faktoren weiterentwickeln: (1) der Branche, der sie angehoren; (2) den Fahigkeiten der in ihnen enthaltenen Firmen; und (3) dem branchenweiten Wissensnetzwerk, dem sie angehoren. Evolution von Clustern Netzwerkdynamik Branchendynamik Evolutionare Wirtschaftsgeografie Ter Wal A. L. J. y Boschma R. Coevolucion de empresas, industrias y redes en el espacio, Regional Studies. La literatura de aglomeracion adolece de varias deficiencias: (1) ignora con frecuencia que las empresas de aglomeracion son heterogeneas en lo que afecta a las capacidades; (2) tiende a poner demasiado enfasis en la importancia de la proximidad geografica y subestima el papel de las redes; (3) apenas considera los origenes y la evolucion de las aglomeraciones. Nosotros proponemos una estructura teorica que agrupe la literatura sobre aglomeraciones, dinamicas industriales, la teoria evolucionaria de empresas y la teoria de redes. Describimos como se desarrollan las aglomeraciones con: (1) la industria a la que pertenecen; (2) las capacidades de las empresas contenidas en ellas; y (3) la red de conocimiento industrial de la que forman parte. Evolucion de aglomeraciones Dinamicas de redes Dinamicas industriales Geografia economica evolucionaria

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

Volume (Year): 45 (2011)
Issue (Month): 7 ()
Pages: 919-933

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Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:45:y:2011:i:7:p:919-933

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Keywords: Cluster evolution; Network dynamics; Industrial dynamics; Evolutionary economic geography;

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  1. Ron A. Boschma & Jan G. Lambooy, 1999. "Evolutionary economics and economic geography," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 9(4), pages 411-429.
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Cited by:
  1. Anne L.J. Ter Wal, 2013. "Cluster Emergence and Network Evolution: A Longitudinal Analysis of the Inventor Network in Sophia-Antipolis," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 47(5), pages 651-668, May.
  2. Giulio Cainelli & Sandro Montresor & Giuseppe Vittucci Marzetti, 2010. "Production and financial linkages in inter-firm networks: structural variety, risk-sharing and resilience," Openloc Working Papers 1018, Public policies and local development.
  3. Joan Crespo & Raphaël Suire & Jérôme Vicente, 2013. "Network structural properties for cluster long run dynamics. Evidence from collaborative R&D networks in the European mobile phone industry," Economics Working Paper Archive (University of Rennes 1 & University of Caen) 201336, Center for Research in Economics and Management (CREM), University of Rennes 1, University of Caen and CNRS.
  4. Anne L.J. Ter Wal, 2011. "The Dynamics of the Inventor Network in German Biotechnology: Geographical Proximity versus Triadic Closure," Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography (PEEG) 1102, Utrecht University, Section of Economic Geography, revised Jan 2011.
  5. Muhamed Kudic & Andreas Pyka & Jutta Günther, 2012. "Determinants of Evolutionary Change Processes in Innovation Networks – Empirical Evidence from the German Laser Industry," IWH Discussion Papers 7, Halle Institute for Economic Research.
  6. Gunther Maier & Michaela Trippl, 2012. "The Pitfalls and Booby Traps of Cluster Policy," SRE-Disc sre-disc-2012_01, Institute for the Environment and Regional Development, Department of Socioeconomics, Vienna University of Economics and Business.
  7. Sidonia Proff & Thomas Brenner, 2014. "The dynamics of inter-regional collaboration: an analysis of co-patenting," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer, vol. 52(1), pages 41-64, January.
  8. Pierre-Alexandre Balland & Mathijs de Vaan & Ron Boschma, 2011. "The Dynamics of Interfirm Networks along the Industry Life Cycle: The Case of the Global Video Games Industry 1987-2007," Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography (PEEG) 1114, Utrecht University, Section of Economic Geography, revised Aug 2011.
  9. M. Nicotra & M. Romano & M. Giudice, 2014. "The Evolution Dynamic of a Cluster Knowledge Network: the Role of Firms' Absorptive Capacity," Journal of the Knowledge Economy, Springer, vol. 5(1), pages 70-93, March.
  10. Günter Clar & Björn Sautter, 2014. "Research Driven Clusters at the Heart of (Trans-)Regional Learning and Priority-Setting Processes," Journal of the Knowledge Economy, Springer, vol. 5(1), pages 156-180, March.
  11. Marc-Hubert DEPRET & Abdelillah HAMDOUCH, 2011. "Multiscalar Clusters And Networks As The Foundations Of Innovation Dynamics In The Biopharmaceutical Industry," Region et Developpement, Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var, vol. 33, pages 227-268.
  12. Sidonia von Proff & Thomas Brenner, 2011. "The Dynamics of Inter-Regional Collaboration – An Analysis of Co-Patenting," Working Papers on Innovation and Space 2011-06, Philipps University Marburg, Department of Geography.
  13. Jérôme Vicente & Raphaël Suire, 2009. "Why Do Some Places Succeed When Others Decline? A Social Interaction Model of Cluster Viability," Post-Print hal-00418539, HAL.
  14. Peng-Fei Li & Harald Bathelt & Jici Wang, 2012. "Network dynamics and cluster evolution: changing trajectories of the aluminium extrusion industry in Dali, China," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 12(1), pages 127-155, January.
  15. Ron Martin & Peter Sunley, 2011. "Conceptualising Cluster Evolution: Beyond the Life-Cycle Model?," Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography (PEEG) 1112, Utrecht University, Section of Economic Geography, revised Jul 2011.
  16. Ron Boschma & Matté Hartog, 2013. "Merger and acquisition activity as driver of spatial clustering: the spatial evolution of the Dutch banking industry, 1850-1993," Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography (PEEG) 1315, Utrecht University, Section of Economic Geography, revised Sep 2013.
  17. Ron Martin & Peter Sunley, 2014. "Towards a Developmental Turn in Evolutionary Economic Geography?," Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography (PEEG) 1401, Utrecht University, Section of Economic Geography, revised Jan 2014.
  18. T. Buchmann & D. Hain & Muhamed Kudic & M. Müller, 2014. "Exploring the Evolution of Innovation Networks in Science-driven and Scale-intensive Industries: New Evidence from a Stochastic Actor-based Approach," IWH Discussion Papers 1, Halle Institute for Economic Research.


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