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Determinants of the Efficiency of Regional Innovation Systems

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Author Info

  • Michael Fritsch
  • Viktor Slavtchev

Abstract

Fritsch M. and Slavtchev V. Determinants of the efficiency of regional innovation systems, Regional Studies. This paper analyses differences in the efficiency of regional innovation systems. Alternative measures for the efficiency of regional innovation systems based on the concept of a knowledge production function are discussed. The empirical findings suggest that spillovers from within the private sector as well as from universities and other public research institutions have a positive effect on the efficiency of private sector research and development. It is particularly the intensity of interactions between private and public sector research and development that increases the efficiency. It is found that regions dominated by large establishments tend to be less efficient than regions with a lower average establishment size. [image omitted] Fritsch M. et Slavtchev V. Les determinants de l'efficience des systemes d'innovation regionaux, Regional Studies. Cet article cherche a analyser les ecarts d'efficience des systemes d'innovation regionaux (SIR). On discute des autres mesures de l'efficience des SIR fondees sur la notion d'une fonction de production de la connaissance. Les resultats empiriques laissent supposer que les retombees provenant de l'interieur du secteur prive aussi bien que des universites et des autres etablissements publics de recherche ont un effet positif sur l'efficience de la R et D du secteur prive. C'est notamment l'intensite de l'interaction entre la R et D du secteur prive et celle du secteur public qui augmente l'efficience. Il s'avere que les regions ou predominent les grands etablissements ont tendance a etre moins efficients que ne le sont les regions ou la taille des etablissements est inferieure a la moyenne. Systemes d'innovation regionaux Efficience technique Brevets Fritsch M. und Slavtchev V. Determinanten der technischen Effizienz von regionalen Innovationssystemen, Regional Studies. Wir analysieren Unterschiede in der Effizienz regionaler Innovationssysteme (RIS). Zunachst werden alternative Masse fur die Effizienz von RIS diskutiert, die auf dem Konzept der Wissensproduktionsfunktion aufbauen. Die empirischen Ergebnisse deuten darauf hin, dass sowohl Spillover aus dem privaten Sektor als auch von Hochschulen und anderen offentlichen Forschungseinrichtungen die Effizienz privater F&E-Aktivitaten positiv beeinflussen. Insbesondere die Intensitat der Interaktion zwischen offentlichen Einrichtungen und dem Privatsektor fuhrt zu hoher Effizienz. Regionen, die durch Grossbetriebe dominiert sind, weisen tendenziell eine geringere Effizienz der Innovationsaktivitaten auf als Regionen mit einer geringeren durchschnittlichen Betriebsgrosse. Regionales Innovationssystem Technische Effizienz Patente Fritsch M. y Slavtchev V. Determinantes de la eficiencia de los sistemas de innovacion regional, Regional Studies. En este articulo analizamos las diferencias en la eficiencia de los sistemas regionales de innovacion (SRI). Asimismo estudiamos medidas alternativas para la eficiencia de los SRI en funcion del concepto de una funcion de produccion del conocimiento. Los resultados empiricos indican que los desbordamientos desde dentro del sector privado asi como de las universidades y otras instituciones de investigacion publicas tienen un efecto positivo en la eficiencia de I + D del sector privado. Es especialmente la intensidad de las interacciones entre la I + D del sector privado y publico la que aumenta la eficiencia. Observamos que las regiones dominadas por grandes establecimientos tienden a ser menos eficientes que las regiones con un tamano medio mas bajo de establecimientos. Sistema de innovacion regional Eficacia tecnica Patentes

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

Volume (Year): 45 (2011)
Issue (Month): 7 ()
Pages: 905-918

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Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:45:y:2011:i:7:p:905-918

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Related research

Keywords: Regional innovation system; Technical efficiency; Patents;

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Cited by:
  1. repec:iab:iabzaf:v:41:i:1:p:55-69 is not listed on IDEAS
  2. Rune Fitjar & Andrés Rodríguez-Pose, 2013. "The geographical dimension of innovation collaboration: Collaboration and innovation in Norway," ERSA conference papers ersa13p878, European Regional Science Association.
  3. Tom Broekel & Nicky Rogge & Thomas Brenner, 2013. "The innovation efficiency of German regions - a shared-input DEA approach," Working Papers on Innovation and Space 2013-08, Philipps University Marburg, Department of Geography.
  4. Fritsch, Michael, 2008. "Die Arbeitsplatzeffekte von Gründungen : ein Überblick über den Stand der Forschung (The employment effects of new businesses : a survey of the current state of research)," Zeitschrift für ArbeitsmarktForschung - Journal for Labour Market Research, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany], vol. 41(1), pages 55-69.
  5. Oliver Falck & Michael Fritsch & Stephan Heblich, 2008. "The Apple doesn't Fall far from the Tree: Location of Start-Ups Relative to Incumbents," CESifo Working Paper Series 2486, CESifo Group Munich.
  6. Block, Joern & Spiegel, Frank, 2011. "Family Firms and Regional Innovation Activity: Evidence from the German Mittelstand," MPRA Paper 28604, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  7. Michael Wyrwich, 2011. "Knowledge intensive Entrepreneurship across regions: Makes being a new industry a difference?," ERSA conference papers ersa11p1711, European Regional Science Association.
  8. Michael Fritsch & Holger Graf, 2010. "How General Conditions Affect Regional Innovation Systems - The Case of the Two Germanys," Jena Economic Research Papers 2010-054, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena, Max-Planck-Institute of Economics.
  9. Pechrova, Marie & Kolarova, Alena, 2012. "Assessing of the Projects Promoting Innovations in Rural Areas in the Czech Republic," 131st Seminar, September 18-19, 2012, Prague, Czech Republic 135774, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
  10. Matthias Duschl & Antje Schimke & Thomas Brenner & Dennis Luxen, 2014. "Firm Growth and the Spatial Impact of Geolocated External Factors," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), Justus-Liebig University Giessen, Department of Statistics and Economics, vol. 234(2-3), pages 234-256, April.
  11. Block, J.H. & Spiegel, F., 2013. "Family firm density and regional innovation output: An exploratory analysis," Journal of Family Business Strategy, Elsevier, vol. 4(4), pages 270-280.
  12. Chen Kaihua & Kou Mingting, 2014. "Staged efficiency and its determinants of regional innovation systems: a two-step analytical procedure," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer, vol. 52(2), pages 627-657, March.
  13. Lorena M. D'Agostino & Grazia D. Santangelo, 2012. "The Global Fragmentation of R&D Activities: The Home Region Perspective," DRUID Working Papers 12-06, DRUID, Copenhagen Business School, Department of Industrial Economics and Strategy/Aalborg University, Department of Business Studies.
  14. Matthias Siller & Christoph Hauser & Janette Walde & Gottfried Tappeiner, 2014. "The Multiple Facets of Regional Innovation," Working Papers 2014-19, Faculty of Economics and Statistics, University of Innsbruck.

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