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Is There a Rural-Urban Divide? Location and Productivity of UK Manufacturing

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  • Marian Rizov
  • Patrick Paul Walsh

Abstract

Rizov M. and Walsh P. P. Is there a rural-urban divide? Location and productivity of UK manufacturing, Regional Studies. Aggregate productivity of manufacturing industries by urban, rural less sparse, and rural sparse locations in the UK is computed from firm-specific total factor productivities, which are estimated by a semi-parametric algorithm, within four-digit manufacturing industries, using the FAME data set over the period 1994-2001. The productivity differentials across location categories are analysed by decomposing them into industry productivity effect and industry composition effect. The analysis indicates that at the end of twentieth century, a rural-urban divide in manufacturing productivity still remains, but there is a tendency for convergence between rural and urban location categories, possibly due to increased competitive pressure. The industry composition effect is positively correlated with the industry productivity effect, suggesting that locations with high productivity are also characterized by industrial structure enhancing productivity. [image omitted] Rizov M. et Walsh P. P. Est-ce qu'il y a un clivage urbano-rural? L'emplacement et la productivite de l'industrie au R-U, Regional Studies. On calcule la productivite globale de l'industrie au R-U en fonction des emplacements urbains, des emplacements ruraux moins eparpilles et des emplacements ruraux clairsemes a partir des productivites globales des facteurs specifiques aux entreprises et estimes a partir d'un algorithme semi-parametrique pour les industries a quatre chiffres, employant l'ensemble de donnees FAME sur la periode allant de 1994 jusqu'a 2001. On analyse les ecarts de productivite a travers les categories d'emplacement en les decomposant en l'effet productivite industrielle et l'effet composition industrielle. L'analyse indique qu'a la fin du vingtieme siecle, il restait un clivage urbano-rural pour ce qui est de la productivite industrielle, mais il y avait une tendance a la convergence entre les categories d'emplacement rurales et urbaines. Cela pourrait s'expliquer par une augmentation de la competitivite. L'effet composition industrielle est en correlation etroite avec l'effet productivite industrielle, ce qui laisse supposer que les emplacements a forte productivite se caracterisent aussi par une productivite qui ameliore la structure industrielle. Productivite globale des facteurs Estimation structurelle Definition ruralo-urbaine Industrie au R-U Rizov M. und Walsh P. P. Gibt es eine Kluft zwischen dem landlichen und stadtischen Raum? Standort und Produktivitat des britischen Produktionswesens, Regional Studies. Mit Hilfe des FAME-Datensatzes fur den Zeitraum von 1994 bis 2001 berechnen wir anhand der firmenspezifischen Gesamtfaktorproduktivitaten, die mit Hilfe eines semiparametrischen Algorithmus geschatzt werden, die Gesamtproduktivitat von produzierenden Branchen auf vierstelliger Ebene in urbanen sowie in gering bzw. sparlich besiedelten landlichen Gebieten Grossbritanniens. Wir analysieren die Differentiale der Produktivitat in Bezug auf verschiedene Standortskategorien, indem wir sie in eine Auswirkung auf die branchenspezifische Produktivitat und eine Auswirkung auf die Branchenzusammensetzung aufteilen. Aus der Analyse geht hervor, dass zum Ende des zwanzigsten Jahrhunderts hinsichtlich der Produktivitat der produzierenden Branchen weiterhin eine Kluft zwischen Stadt und Land besteht, aber zugleich die Tendenz einer Konvergenz von stadtischen und landlichen Standortskategorien zu beobachten ist, was moglicherweise auf den erhohten Konkurrenzdruck zuruckzufuhren ist. Die Auswirkung auf die Branchenzusammensetzung steht in positiver Korrelation zur Auswirkung auf die branchenspezifische Produktivitat, was darauf schliessen lasst, dass sich Standorte mit hoher Produktivitat auch durch eine Branchenstruktur auszeichnen, die die Produktivitat verbessert. Gesamtfaktorproduktivitat Strukturelle Schatzung Landlich-stadtische Definition Produktionswesen in Grossbritannien Rizov M. y Walsh P. P. �Existe una division entre zonas rurales y urbanas? Lugar y productividad de la industria manufacturera britanica, Regional Studies. A partir de la productividad total de los factores a nivel de empresas, que se estima mediante un algoritmo semiparametrico, calculamos la productividad agregada de las industrias manufactureras en zonas urbanas, zonas rurales con muy poca poblacion y zonas rurales con poblacion escasa en el Reino Unido para las industrias manufactureras de cuatro digitos con ayuda de los datos de FAME durante el periodo de 1994 a 2001. Analizamos los diferenciales de productividad en las diferentes categorias de lugares al descomponerlos en el efecto de la productividad industrial y el efecto de la composicion industrial. El analisis indica que al final del siglo XX, todavia existe una division rural-urbana en la productividad manufacturera pero hay una tendencia a la convergencia entre las categorias de zonas rurales y urbanas, posiblemente debido a un aumento de la presion competitiva. El efecto de la composicion industrial esta positivamente relacionado con el efecto de la productividad industrial, lo que indica que las zonas con una alta productividad se caracterizan por una estructura industrial que mejora la productividad. Productividad total de los factores Estimacion estructural Definicion de zona rural y urbana Industria manufacturera britanica

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

Volume (Year): 45 (2011)
Issue (Month): 5 ()
Pages: 641-656

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Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:45:y:2011:i:5:p:641-656

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Keywords: Total factor productivity; Structural estimation; Rural-urban definition; UK manufacturing;

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Cited by:
  1. Rizov, Marian & Oskam, Arie & Walsh, Paul, 2012. "Is there a limit to agglomeration? Evidence from productivity of Dutch firms," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(4), pages 595-606.
  2. Marian Rizov & Jan Pokrivcak & Pavel Ciaian, 2013. "CAP Subsidies and Productivity of the EU Farms," Journal of Agricultural Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 64(3), pages 537-557, 09.

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