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Spatial Analysis of Selected Manufacturing and Service Sectors in China's Economy Using County Employment Data for 1990 and 2000

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Author Info

  • Dean Hanink
  • Avraham Ebenstein
  • Robert Cromley

Abstract

Hanink D. M., Ebenstein A. Y. and Cromley R. G. Spatial analysis of selected manufacturing and service sectors in China's economy using county employment data for 1990 and 2000, Regional Studies. This paper provides a comparative analysis of the spatial distribution of employment in forty-one economic sectors in China in 1990 and in 2000. Sectors are approximately split between manufacturing and services. Spatial distributions of employment by sector are analysed at the county level, and relative sectoral specialization at the county level is also considered. Manufacturing and service clusters are identified in both years using factor analysis, and the resulting factor scores are used in mapping their spatial extent. In general, geographical concentration in Chinese manufacturing accelerated between 1990 and 2000, while services became more spatially uniform in their distribution. [image omitted] Hanink D. M., Ebenstein A. Y. et Cromley R. G. Une analyse geographique des secteurs de l'industrie et des services choisis de l'economie chinoise a partir des donnees sur l'emploi au niveau du comte pour 1990 et pour l'an 2000, Regional Studies. Cet article cherche a fournir une analyse comparative de la distribution geographique de l'emploi dans quarante et un secteurs economiques chinois pour 1990 et pour l'an 2000. Les secteurs se repartissent de facon approximative entre l'industrie et les services. On analyse des distributions geographiques de l'emploi par secteur d'activite au niveau du comte et on considere aussi la specialisation sectorielle relative au niveau du comte. Employant une analyse factorielle, on identifie des regroupements des industries et des services pour les deux annees en question, et on se sert des scores qui en resultent afin d'elaborer leur portee geographique. En regle generale, la concentration geographique de l'industrie chinoise s'est acceleree en 1990 et en 2000, tandis que la distribution des services est devenue plus uniforme sur le plan geographique. Chine Analyse geographique Services Regroupement Economies de localisation Hanink D. M., Ebenstein A. Y. und Cromley R. G. Raumanalyse ausgewahlter Produktions- und Dienstleistungssektoren der chinesischen Wirtschaft mit Hilfe von Beschaftigungsdaten auf Bezirksebene fur die Jahre 1990 und 2000, Regional Studies. Dieser Beitrag enthalt eine vergleichende Analyse der raumlichen Verteilung der Beschaftigung in 41 Wirtschaftssektoren Chinas in den Jahren 1990 und 2000. Die Sektoren werden grob auf produzierende und Dienstleistungssektoren aufgeteilt. Die raumliche Verteilung der Beschaftigung je nach Sektor wird auf Bezirksebene analysiert, wobei auch die relative sektorale Spezialisierung auf Bezirksebene berucksichtigt wird. Fur beide Jahre werden mit Hilfe einer Faktorenanalyse Herstellungs- und Dienstleistungscluster identifiziert; die daraus resultierenden Faktorenwerte werden zur Abbildung ihres raumlichen Umfangs genutzt. Im Allgemeinen beschleunigte sich die geografische Konzentration der chinesischen Produktion im Zeitraum von 1990 bis 2000, wahrend sich die Dienstleistungen raumlich gleichmassiger verteilten. China Raumanalyse Dienstleistungssektor Cluster Lokalisierungsokonomien Hanink D. M., Ebenstein A. Y. y Cromley R. G. Analisis espacial de sectores exclusivos de manufactura y servicios en la economia de China usando datos de empleo de los condados para 1990 y 2000, Regional Studies. En este articulo llevamos a cabo un analisis comparativo de la distribucion espacial del empleo en cuarenta y un sectores economicos de China en 1990 y 2000. Los sectores se han dividido aproximadamente entre manufactura y servicios. Hemos analizado las distribuciones espaciales del empleo por sector para cada condado y tambien hemos considerado la especializacion sectorial relativa para cada condado. Identificamos las aglomeraciones de manufactura y servicios para ambos anos usando un analisis de factores y las puntuaciones resultantes de los factores sirven para representar la extension espacial. En general, la concentracion geografica en el sector manufacturero de China se acelero entre 1990 y 2000, mientras que los servicios se volvieron mas uniformes espacialmente en su distribucion. China Analisis espacial Sector de servicios Aglomeracion Economias de localizacion

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

Volume (Year): 45 (2011)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 351-369

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Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:45:y:2011:i:3:p:351-369

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Related research

Keywords: China; Spatial analysis; Service sector; Cluster; Localization economies;

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