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Cultural Districts, A New Strategy for Regional Development? The South-East Cultural District in Sicily

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  • Antoine Le Blanc
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    Abstract

    Le Blanc A. Cultural districts, a new strategy for regional development? The South-East Cultural District in Sicily, Regional Studies. The industrialization of cultural production and a strong trend for the development of regional networks have recently led to the creation of new spatial and economic forms called 'cultural districts'. However, these new economic systems rely on very different geographical bases, types of products, and developmental processes. In Italy, the first cultural district was created in 2004 to foster the preservation of cultural heritage and boost tourist development in the late Baroque cities of the so-called Val di Noto in south-east Sicily. The main objective of the district is to support local socio-economic development through the promotion of the region's architectural cultural heritage and the local craft industry. The new structure aims at creating a real network between these towns so that they can compete globally. A specific form of spatial organization, the newly created South-East Cultural District, is based on cultural and architectural similarities, but is confronted with major obstacles such as economic heterogeneity, a lack of innovation, and physical distance between the towns. Such obstacles will have to be overcome if success is expected in creating synergies and in integrating other economic sectors. [image omitted] Le Blanc A. Les districts culturels, une nouvelle strategie d'amenagement du territoire? Le district culturel du sud-est de la Sicile, Regional Studies. L'industrialisation de la production culturelle et une forte tendance au developpement des reseaux regionaux ont amene recemment a la creation de nouvelles delimitations geographiques et economiques appelles 'districts culturels'. Toujours est-il que ces nouveaux systemes economiques se fondent sur des bases geographiques, des genres de produits, et des processus de developpement tout a fait differents. En Italie, l'etablissement du premier district culturel a eu lieu en 2004 afin d'encourager la preservation du patrimoine culturel et donner du tonus au developpement du tourisme dans les grandes villes de la Val di Noto dans le sud-est de la Sicile et qui datent de la fin de l'epoque baroque et qui se situent. L'objectif principal du district est de soutenir le developpement socio-economique local par la promotion du patrimoine culturel architectural regional et de l'artisanat local. La nouvelle structure cherche a creer un veritable reseau de grandes villes de sorte qu'elles puissent rivaliser la concurrence sur le plan mondial. Une forme particuliere de l'organisation geographique, le District culturel du sud-est, nouvellement cree, est fonde sur des similarites culturelles et architecturales mais se retrouve face a d'importants obstacles, tels l'heterogeneite economique, un manque d'innovation et la distance geographique entre les villes. Il faudra surmonter de tels obstacles si on va reussir a creer des synergies et a integrer d'autres secteurs economiques. District Culture Reseau Industrie Patrimoine Italie Le Blanc A. Kulturdistrikte - eine neue Strategie fur die Regionalentwicklung? Der Kulturdistrikt Sudost in Sizilien, Regional Studies. Die Industrialisierung der Kulturproduktion und ein deutlicher Trend zur Entwicklung regionaler Netzwerke haben in letzter Zeit zur Schaffung neuer raumlicher und wirtschaftlicher Formen mit der Bezeichnung 'Kulturdistrikte' gefuhrt. Allerdings verlassen sich diese neuen Wirtschaftssysteme auf ausserst verschiedene geografische Basen, Produkttypen und Entwicklungsprozesse. In Italien wurde der erste Kulturdistrikt 2004 geschaffen, um im sogenannten Noto-Tal im Sudosten Siziliens das Kulturerbe zu bewahren und die touristische Erschliessung der spatbarocken Stadte zu fordern. Wichtigstes Ziel dieses Distrikts ist die Unterstutzung der soziookonomischen Entwicklung vor Ort durch die Forderung des architektonischen Kulturerbes und der lokalen Handwerksbranche der Region. Mit der neuen Struktur soll zwischen diesen Stadten ein echtes Netzwerk geschaffen werden, damit sie auf weltweiter Ebene konkurrieren konnen. Eine spezielle Form der raumlichen Organisation, der neu geschaffene Kulturdistrikt Sudost, beruht auf kulturellen und architektonischen Ahnlichkeiten, hat aber mit bedeutenden Schwierigkeiten wie einer wirtschaftlichen Heterogenitat, einem Mangel an Innovation und der physischen Entfernung zwischen den Stadten zu kampfen. Diese Schwierigkeiten gilt es zu uberwinden, wenn die Erzeugung von Synergien und die Integration anderer Wirtschaftssektoren von Erfolg gekront sein sollen. Distrikt Kultur Netzwerk Branche Kulturerbe Italien Le Blanc A. Distritos culturales: �una nueva estrategia para el desarrollo regional? El distrito cultural sureste en Sicilia, Regional Studies. La industrializacion de la produccion cultural y una fuerte tendencia para el desarrollo de redes regionales han conducido recientemente a la creacion de nuevas formas espaciales y economicas denominadas 'distritos culturales'. Sin embargo, estos nuevos sistemas economicos confian en bases geograficas, tipos de productos y procesos de desarrollo muy diferentes. En Italia, el primer distrito cultural fue creado en 2004 para fomentar la conservacion del patrimonio cultural e impulsar el desarrollo del turismo en las ciudades del barroco tardio en el denominado Val di Noto al sureste de Sicilia. El principal objetivo del distrito es apoyar el desarrollo socioeconomico local mediante el fomento del patrimonio cultural arquitectonico de la region y la industria artesanal a nivel local. La nueva estructura tiene como finalidad crear una red real entre estos municipios para que puedan competir globalmente. Una forma especifica de organizacion espacial, el recien creado Distrito Cultural del Sureste, se basa en similitudes culturales y arquitectonicas pero se enfrenta a obstaculos importantes tales como la heterogeneidad economica, la falta de innovacion y la distancia fisica entre los municipios. Estos obstaculos tendran que superarse si se quiere tener exito al crear sinergias e integrar otros sectores economicos. Distrito Cultura Red Industria Patrimonio Italia

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

    Volume (Year): 44 (2010)
    Issue (Month): 7 ()
    Pages: 905-917

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    Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:44:y:2010:i:7:p:905-917

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    Related research

    Keywords: District; Culture; Network; Industry; Heritage; Italy;

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    Cited by:
    1. Tiziana Cuccia, 2012. "Is it worth being inscribed in the world heritage list? A case study of “The Baroque cities in Val di Noto” (Sicily)," RIEDS - Rivista Italiana di Economia, Demografia e Statistica - Italian Review of Economics, Demography and Statistics, SIEDS Societa' Italiana di Economia Demografia e Statistica, vol. 0(2), pages 169-190.

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