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Enabling and Inhibiting the Creative Economy: The Role of the Local and Regional Dimensions in England

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  • Caroline Chapain
  • Roberta Comunian
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    Abstract

    Chapain C. and Comunian R. Enabling and inhibiting the creative economy: the role of the local and regional dimensions in England, Regional Studies. Integrating findings from two separate research projects in Birmingham and Newcastle-Gateshead in England, this paper explores factors that enable or inhibit the development of creative and cultural industries in English regions outside London. The findings question current creative and cultural industries policies and their understanding of the local and regional dimensions as being limited to the idea of geographical clusters. Instead, the paper calls for a wider approach that also takes into account the importance of the regional infrastructure and the 'knowledge pool' necessary to the development of creative and cultural industries, but also personal and operational connections of the creative and cultural industries within and outside their region. [image omitted] Chapain C. et Comunian R. Promouvoir ou inhiber l'economie creative: le role de la dynamique locale et regionale en Angleterre, Regional Studies. Cet article integre les resultats de deux projets de recherche realises respectivement a Birmingham et Newcastle-Gateshead afin d'explorer les facteurs qui favorisent ou inhibent le developpement des industries culturelles et creatives dans les regions anglaises a l'exterieur de Londres. Nos resultats remettent en cause les politiques culturelles et creatives anglaises actuelles et leur comprehension de la dimension locale et regionale limitee a l'idee de regroupement (� cluster �) geographique d'entreprises. Au contraire, cet article recommande l'adoption d'une approche elargie tenant compte de l'importance de l'ensemble des infrastructures regionales et du pool de connaissance necessaires au developpement de ces industries mais aussi de leurs connections personnelles et d'affaire a la fois a l'interieur et a l'exterieur de leur regions. Industries creatives Politique culturelle regionale Pole creatif Economique developpement regional Pool de connaissance Chapain C. und Comunian R. Forderung und Behinderung der kreativen Wirtschaft: die Rolle der lokalen und regionalen Dimensionen in England, Regional Studies. Anhand der Ergebnisse von zwei separaten Forschungsprojekten in Birmingham und Newcastle-Gateshead (England) wird in diesem Beitrag untersucht, welche Faktoren die Entwicklung der kreativen und kulturellen Industrie in englischen Regionen ausserhalb Londons fordern bzw. behindern. Unsere Ergebnisse stellen die derzeitigen Politiken fur kreative und kulturelle Industrie und deren Verstandnis der lokalen und regionalen Dimensionen in Frage, da sie sich auf die Idee der geografischen Cluster beschranken. Stattdessen wird in diesem Beitrag ein breiterer Ansatz befurwortet, der auch die Bedeutung der regionalen Infrastruktur und des 'Wissenspools' berucksichtigt, welche fur die Entwicklung der kreativen und kulturellen Industrie erforderlich sind, und ebenso die personellen und betrieblichen Verknupfungen dieser Industrie inner- und ausserhalb ihrer jeweiligen Region einbezieht. Kreative Industrie Regionale Kulturpolitik Kreative Cluster Regionale Wirtschaftsentwicklung Wissenspool Chapain C. y Comunian R. Fomento e inhibicion de la economia de la creatividad: el papel de las dimensiones locales y regionales en Inglaterra, Regional Studies. Al integrar los resultados de dos proyectos separados de investigacion en Birmingham y Newcastle-Gateshead en Inglaterra, en este articulo analizamos los factores que permiten o inhiben el desarrollo de las industrias creativas y culturales en las regiones britanicas fuera de Londres. Nuestros hallazgos cuestionan las politicas actuales de las industrias creativas y culturales y su concepto de dimensiones locales y regionales porque se limitan a la idea de las aglomeraciones geograficas. Mas bien, en este ensayo pedimos un enfoque mas amplio que tambien tenga en cuenta la importancia de la infraestructura regional y el 'fondo de conocimiento' necesarios para el desarrollo de industrias creativas y culturales pero tambien las conexiones personales y operativas de estas industrias dentro y fuera de la region. Industrias creativas Politica cultural regional Aglomeraciones creativas Desarrollo economico regional Fondo de conocimiento

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

    Volume (Year): 44 (2010)
    Issue (Month): 6 ()
    Pages: 717-734

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    Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:44:y:2010:i:6:p:717-734

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    Related research

    Keywords: Creative industries; Regional cultural policy; Creative clusters; Regional economic development; Knowledge pool;

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    Cited by:
    1. Castro-Martínez,Elena & Fernández-Baca Casares,Román, 2012. "La innovación en patrimonio cultural: un espacio de confluencia de diversas bases de conocimiento," INGENIO (CSIC-UPV) Working Paper Series 201207, INGENIO (CSIC-UPV), revised 21 Sep 2012.
    2. Maria Abreu & Alessandra Faggian & Roberta Comunian & Philip McCann, 2012. "“Life is short, art is long”: the persistent wage gap between Bohemian and non-Bohemian graduates," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer, vol. 49(2), pages 305-321, October.
    3. Aritenang, Adiwan, 2012. "The City of Bandung: Unfolding the process of a Creative City," MPRA Paper 48629, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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