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Business Productivity and Area Productivity in Rural England

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  • Don Webber
  • Nigel Curry
  • Anthony Plumridge

Abstract

Webber D., Curry N. and Plumridge A. Business productivity and area productivity in rural England, Regional Studies. Rural area productivity and rural business productivity measure different things. This paper presents a empirical analysis of labour productivity differentials across the new Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA) definition of 'rural'. Labour productivity is 21% (13%) lower in sparse (less sparse) rural areas compared with urban areas. Labour productivity in less sparse and urban areas appears to depend on similar factors. Labour productivity in sparse areas strongly relates to a different industrial structure and plants in sparse areas gain less benefit from larger capital stocks. Policy needs to be aware of these differences if the urban-rural productivity divide is to be reduced. [image omitted] Webber D., Curry N. et Plumridge A. La productivite du commerce et la productivite des espaces ruraux anglais, Regional Studies. La productivite des espaces ruraux et la productivite du commerce mesurent des choses differentes. Cet article cherche a presenter une analyse empirique des ecarts de la productivite du travail a partir de la nouvelle definition du rural d'apres le Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA). Il s'avere que la productivite du travail est de 21% (15%) moins elevee dans les zones rurales moins peuplees (plus peuplees) par rapport aux zones urbaines. Il semble que la productivite du travail dans les zones moins peuplees et dans les zones urbaines dependent des facteurs similaires. La productivite du travail dans les zones moins peuplees se rapporte etroitement a une structure industrielle differente, et les etablissements situes dans les zones moins peuplees profitent moins des stocks de capital plus importants. La politique devrait tenir compte de ces differences dans le but de reduire l'ecart urbano-rural de la productivite. Rural Productivite Competences Structure industrielle Webber D., Curry N. und Plumridge A. Produktivitat von Betrieben und Gebieten im landlichen England, Regional Studies. Bei der Ermittlung der Produktivitat von landlichen Gebieten und der von landlichen Betrieben werden unterschiedliche Dinge gemessen. In diesem Beitrag stellen wir eine empirische Analyse der Differentiale von Arbeitsproduktivitat vor, wobei das gesamte Spektrum der neuen Definition des Begriffs 'landlich' durch die Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA) berucksichtigt wird. Wir stellen fest, dass die Arbeitsproduktivitat in dunn (weniger dunn) besiedelten landlichen Gebieten im Vergleich zu Stadtgebieten um 21% (13%) niedriger ausfallt. Die Arbeitsproduktivitat in weniger dunn besiedelten sowie in Stadtgebieten scheint von ahnlichen Faktoren abzuhangen. Die Arbeitsproduktivitat in dunn besiedelten Gebieten steht in einem engen Zusammenhang zur unterschiedlichen industriellen Struktur; die Anlagen in dunn besiedelten Gebieten profitieren weniger von grosserem Fremdkapital. Die Politik muss sich dieser Unterschiede bewusst sein, wenn die Unterschiede in der Produktivitat von landlichen und stadtischen Gebieten verringert werden sollen. Landlich Produktivitat Qualifikationen Industriestruktur Webber D., Curry N. y Plumridge A. Productividad comercial y la productividad segun areas en las zonas rurales de Inglaterra, Regional Studies. Para medir la productividad de zonas rurales y la productividad de negocios rurales se utilizan metodos diferentes. En este articulo presentamos un analisis empirico de los diferenciales de productividad laboral segun la nueva definicion de lo Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA) de lo que significa 'rural'. Observamos que la productividad laboral es un 21% menor en zonas rurales poco pobladas (13% menor en zonas rurales mas pobladas) en comparacion con zonas urbanas. La productividad laboral en zonas rurales mas pobladas y en zonas urbanas parece depender de factores similares. La productividad laboral en zonas poco pobladas esta fuertemente ligada a una estructura industrial diferente y las plantas en zonas poco pobladas obtienen menos beneficios de mayor capital social. A fin de poder reducir la division de la productividad en zonas urbanas y rurales es necesario que los lideres politicos esten al corriente de estas diferencias. Rural Productividad Habilidades Estructura industrial

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

Volume (Year): 43 (2009)
Issue (Month): 5 ()
Pages: 661-675

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Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:43:y:2009:i:5:p:661-675

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Related research

Keywords: Rural; Productivity; Skills; Industrial structure;

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Cited by:
  1. Marian Rizov & Patrick Paul Walsh, 2009. "Is there a rural-urban divide? Location and Productivity of UK manufacturing," Working Papers 200927, Geary Institute, University College Dublin.
  2. Gulumser, A.A. & Baycan Levent, T. & Nijkamp, P. & Poot, H.J., 2012. "The role of local and newcomer entrepreneurs in rural development: A comparative meta-analytic study," Serie Research Memoranda 0001, VU University Amsterdam, Faculty of Economics, Business Administration and Econometrics.
  3. Garcia Alvarez-Coque, Jose-Maria & Lopez-Garcia Usach, T. & Sanchez Garcia, M., 2012. "Territory and innovation behaviour in agri-food firms: does rurality matter?," 126th Seminar, June 27-29, 2012, Capri, Italy 126030, European Association of Agricultural Economists.

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