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Territorial Competition in China and the West

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  • Shiuh-Shen Chien
  • Ian Gordon
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    Abstract

    Chien S.-S. and Gordon I. Territorial competition in China and the West, Regional Studies. In modern western societies, and most other economies to which it has spread, territorial economic competition is associated with a combination of competitive electoral politics and private land-ownership. In mainland China, however, a very strong form of this competition has emerged without either of these supports. In general, the development of such local collective action and its particular effects reflect an interaction between materially interested local agents and structural pressures. The difference in China is that these agents are principally local government leaders whose career prospects within a still centralized system depend upon performance in terms of economic criteria set from above. [image omitted] Chien S.-S. et Gordon I. La competition territoriale en Chine et dans l'Ouest, Regional Studies. Dans les societes occidentales d'aujourd'hui, et dans la plupart des autres economies auxquelles elle s'est etendue, la competition economique territoriale s'explique par une combinaison de la politique electorale competitive et de la propriete fonciere privee. Cependant, dans la Chine continentale il s'est fait le jour un genre de competition tres fort qui exclut ces deux variables. En regle generale, le developpement d'une telle action locale collective et de ses effets annexes traduisent l'interaction entre des agents locaux, qui ne sont pas interesses que sur le plan materiel, et des contraintes structurelles. En Chine, la difference c'est que ces agents sont principalement des chefs de l'administration locale dont les perspectives de carriere au sein d'un systeme toujours centralise dependent de la performance pour ce qui est des criteres economiques imposes d'en haut. Competition territoriale Chine Rapports centre-peripherie Administration locale Developpement economique urbain Reajustement a l'echelle Chien S.-S. und Gordon I. Territorialer Wettbewerb in China und im Westen, Regional Studies. Ein territorialer Wirtschaftswettbewerb wird in den modernen westlichen Gesellschaften (und den meisten sonstigen Wirtschaftsraumen, in die er sich ausgebreitet hat) mit einer Kombination aus um Wahler konkurrierenden Politiken und privatem Landeigentum in Verbindung gebracht. In der Volksrepublik China ist hingegen auch ohne diese unterstutzenden Faktoren eine ausserst starke Form dieses Wettbewerbs entstanden. Im Allgemeinen spiegelt sich im Entstehen einer solchen lokalen Kollektivaktion und ihrer konkreten Auswirkungen eine Wechselwirkung zwischen materiell interessierten Akteuren vor Ort und strukturellem Druck wider. Der Unterschied im Fall von China liegt darin, dass es sich bei diesen Akteuren in erster Linie um lokale Regierungsfuhrer handelt, deren Karriereaussichten innerhalb eines nach wie vor zentralisierten Systems von der Leistung hinsichtlich der von oben festgelegten okonomischen Kriterien abhangig sind. Territorialer Wettbewerb China Zentral-lokale Beziehungen Lokalregierung Urbane Wirtschaftsentwicklung Massstabsanderung Chien S.-S. y Gordon I. Competencia territorial en China y occidente, Regional Studies. En las sociedades modernas de Occidente y en la mayoria de otras economias en las que se ha extendido la competicion economica territorial, se relaciona esta con una combinacion de politicas electorales competitivas y la propiedad privada de tierra. Sin embargo, en la China continental ha surgido un tipo de competencia muy fuerte sin ninguno de estos apoyos. En general, el desarrollo de estas acciones colectivas de caracter local y sus efectos particulares reflejan una interaccion entre los agentes locales de interes material y las presiones estructurales. La diferencia en China es que estos agentes son sobre todo lideres de gobiernos locales cuya perspectiva profesional dentro de un sistema todavia centralizado depende del rendimiento en terminos de los criterios economicos establecidos por los circulos mas altos. Competencia territorial China Relaciones entre los niveles central y local Gobierno local Desarrollo economico urbano Reescalamiento

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

    Volume (Year): 42 (2008)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 31-49

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    Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:42:y:2008:i:1:p:31-49

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    Related research

    Keywords: Territorial competition; China; Central-local relations; Local governance; Urban economic development; Re-scaling;

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    Cited by:
    1. Alejandra Trejo & Cristina Ibarra, 2011. "Outcomes of territorial competition and the role of intergovernmental transfers among Mexican regions," ERSA conference papers ersa11p1486, European Regional Science Association.
    2. Martijn J. Burger & Bert van der Knaap & Ronald S. Wall, 2012. "Revealed Competition for Greenfield Investments between European Regions," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 12-063/3, Tinbergen Institute.
    3. repec:dgr:uvatin:2012063 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Junbo Yu & Peter Nijkamp, 2010. "Methodological Challenges and Institutional Barriers in the Use of Experimental Method for the Evaluation of Business Incubators: Lessons from the US, EU, and China," Working Papers 201004, Regional Research Institute, West Virginia University.

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