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Economic Growth of Agglomerations and Geographic Concentration of Industries: Evidence for West Germany


Author Info

  • Kurt Geppert
  • Martin Gornig
  • Axel Werwatz


Geppert K., Gornig M. and Werwatz A. (2008) Economic growth of agglomerations and geographic concentration of industries: evidence for West Germany, Regional Studies. During the two decades between 1980 and 2000, there was no clear overall trend of economic convergence or divergence among West German regions. However, a number of regions that were already rich�-�generally large agglomerations�-�had succeeded in further distancing themselves from the rest. At the same time, knowledge-intensive services are identified as industries whose geographical concentration was initially high and continued to increase. Logistic and non-parametric regression estimates show that the higher a region's share of employment in these service sectors, the greater the probability that a region is classified as being rich and becoming even richer. [image omitted] Geppert K., Gornig M. et Werwatz A. (2008) La croissance economique des agglomerations et la concentration geographique industrielle: des preuves provenant de l'Allemagne de l'Ouest, Regional Studies. Pendant deux decennies, a savoir de 1980 a l'an 2000, aucune tendance globale ni a la convergence, ni a la divergence economiques parmi les regions de l'Allemagne de l'Ouest n'est evidente. Cependant, bon nombre de regions riches�-�en regle generale de grandes agglomerations-ont reussi a s'eloigner davantage des autres. En meme temps, on identifie des services a intensite de connaissance dont la concentration geographique etait elevee au depart et a continue d'augmenter. Des estimations de regression logistique et non parametrique montrent que plus la part de l'emploi dans ces services s'avere elevee, plus il est probable qu'une region se classe comme riche et en voie de s'enrichir. Convergence regionale Services a intensite de connaissance Liens locaux specifiques a une industrie Regressions non-parametriques Geppert K., Gornig M. und Werwatz A. (2008) Wirtschaftswachstum von Ballungsgebieten und geografische Konzentration von Branchen: Belege fur Westdeutschland, Regional Studies. In den zwei Jahrzehnten von 1980 bis 2000 gab es keinen klaren Gesamttrend der okonomischen Konvergenz oder Divergenz unter den westdeutschen Regionen. Allerdings gelang es mehreren bereits wohlhabenden Regionen-in der Regel grossen Ballungsgebieten -, sich noch weiter vom Rest zu distanzieren. Gleichzeitig identifizieren wir wissensintensive Dienstleistungen als Branchen, deren geografische Konzentration schon zu Beginn hoch lag und weiter gewachsen ist. In logistischen und nichtparametrischen Regressionsschatzungen zeigt sich, dass die Wahrscheinlichkeit, dass eine Region als wohlhabend klassifiziert wird und noch wohlhabender wird, umso hoher liegt, je grosser in dieser Region der Anteil der Arbeitnehmer in diesen Dienstleistungssektoren ausfallt. Regionale Konvergenz Wissensintensive Dienstleistungen Branchenspezifische lokale Verknupfungen Logistische Regressionen Nichtparametrische Regressionen Geppert K., Gornig M. y Werwatz A. (2008) Crecimiento economico de aglomeraciones y concentraciones geograficas de las industrias. El ejemplo de Alemania del Oeste, Regional Studies. Durante las dos decadas de 1980 a 2000, no existia una tendencia general clara de la convergencia o divergencia economica entre las regiones de Alemania del Oeste. Sin embargo, varias regiones que ya eran ricas -generalmente grandes aglomeraciones- llegaron a distanciarse aun mas del resto. Al mismo tiempo, identificamos los servicios con alto nivel de conocimientos como industrias cuya concentracion geografica fue alta desde el principio y siguio creciendo. Los calculos logisticos y de regresion no parametrica indican que cuanto mayor es la participacion de empleo en estos sectores de servicio de una region, mas probabilidades tiene una region de ser clasificada como rica y de aumentar su riqueza. Convergencia regional Servicios con alto nivel de conocimientos Vinculos locales especificos para la industria Regresiones logisticas Regresiones no parametricas

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

Volume (Year): 42 (2007)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 413-421

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Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:42:y:2007:i:3:p:413-421

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Keywords: Regional convergence; Knowledge-intensive services; Industry-specific local linkages; Logistical regressions; Non-parametric regressions ;


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