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Geographical Concentration of Unemployment: A Male-Female Comparison in Spain

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Author Info

  • Olga Alonso-Villar
  • Coral Del Rio

Abstract

Alonso-Villar O. and Del Rio C. Geographical concentration of unemployment: a male-female comparison in Spain, Regional Studies. The aim of this paper is to analyse gender differences in the spatial distribution of unemployment. Specifically, it is explored whether agglomeration can influence gender gaps in unemployment rates. In doing so, tools are used from the literature on economic geography and income distribution and they are adapted to the present case. Using data from Spain, it is shown that the advantage of living in large cities does not affect women and men equally; agglomeration seems especially to favour the female population. The results also suggest that the female employment premium appears only in municipalities of a certain size. [image omitted] Alonso-Villar O. et Del Rio C. La concentration geographique du chomage: une comparaison hommes-femmes en Espagne, Regional Studies. Cet article cherche a analyser les differences par sexe de la distribution geographique du chomage. Plus precisement, on etudie si, oui ou non, la notion d'agglomeration peut avoir une incidence sur les ecarts du chomage par sexe. Pour le faire, on se sert des outils provenant de la documentation sur la geographie economique et la distribution des revenus, et on les adapte. A partir des donnees pour l'Espagne, on montre que les avantages d'habiter les grandes villes ne touchent pas de meme les femmes et les hommes; il semble que l'agglomeration favorise notamment la population feminine. Les resultats laissent supposer aussi que la dividende emploi des femmes n'apparait que dans les municipalites d'une certaine taille. Concentration geographique Chomage Sexe Echelle municipale Alonso-Villar O. und Del Rio C. Geografische Konzentration der Arbeitslosigkeit: ein Vergleich zwischen Mannern und Frauen in Spanien, Regional Studies. In diesem Beitrag werden die Geschlechtsunterschiede bei der raumlichen Verteilung der Arbeitslosigkeit analysiert. Insbesondere untersuchen wir, ob sich eine Ballung auf den Abstand zwischen den Geschlechtern hinsichtlich der Arbeitslosenquote auswirken kann. Hierfur nutzen wir Instrumente aus der Literatur uber Wirtschaftsgeografie und Einkommensverteilung, die wir an unseren Fall anpassen. Anhand von Daten aus Spanien zeigen wir, dass sich die Vorteile eines Lebens in der Grossstadt auf Frauen und Manner unterschiedlich stark auswirken; eine Ballung scheint vor allem die weibliche Bevolkerung zu begunstigen. Ebenso lassen unsere Ergebnisse darauf schliessen, dass die weibliche Beschaftigungspramie nur in Gemeinden ab einer gewissen Grosse auftritt. Raumliche Konzentration Arbeitslosigkeit Geschlecht Gemeindegrosse Alonso-Villar O. y Del Rio C. La concentracion geografica del desempleo: una comparacion entre hombres y mujeres en Espana, Regional Studies. El objetivo de este articulo es analizar las diferencias por razon de genero en la distribucion espacial del desempleo. En concreto estudiamos si la aglomeracion afecta a la brecha en tasas de desempleo entre mujeres y hombres. Para ello utilizamos herramientas de la literatura de geografia economica y de distribucion de la renta y las adaptamos al caso que nos ocupa. Utilizando datos para Espana mostramos que las ventajas de vivir en ciudades grandes no afectan de la misma forma a ambos sexos. La aglomeracion parece favorecer especialmente a las mujeres. Nuestros resultados tambien sugieren que la prima de empleo femenina aparece solamente en municipios que superan un cierto umbral de tamano. Concentracion espacial Desempleo Genero Escala municipal

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

Volume (Year): 42 (2007)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 401-412

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Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:42:y:2007:i:3:p:401-412

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Related research

Keywords: Spatial concentration; Unemployment; Gender; Municipality scale;

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Cited by:
  1. Jaba, Elisabeta & Balan, Christiana & Roman, Mihai & Roman, Monica, 2010. "Statistical evaluation of spatial concentration of unemployment by gender," MPRA Paper 25161, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised May 2010.
  2. Olga Alonso-Villar, 2008. "What are we assuming when using inequality measures to quantify geographic concentration? An axiomatic approach," Working Papers 0801, Universidade de Vigo, Departamento de Economía Aplicada.
  3. Suárez Cano, Patricia & Mayor Fernández, Matías & Cueto Iglesias, Begoña, 2011. "How important is access to employment offices in Spain? An urban and non-urban perspective," Investigaciones Regionales, Asociación Española de Ciencia Regional, issue 21, pages 119-140.
  4. Olga Alonso-Villar & Coral del Río, 2008. "An alternative inequality-based concentration measure," Working Papers 0804, Universidade de Vigo, Departamento de Economía Aplicada.
  5. Cristina Lincaru & Vasilica Ciucã, 2011. "The Geographical Distribution Of Unemployment At Localities Desegregation Level.Case Study For South Muntenia Region - Romania," Romanian Journal of Regional Science, Romanian Regional Science Association, vol. 5(2), pages 76-91, DECEMBER.

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