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Regional Economic Impacts of Tourism: The Case of Denmark

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  • Jie Zhang
  • Bjarne Madsen
  • Chris Jensen-Butler
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    Abstract

    Zhang J., Madsen B. and Jensen-Butler C. (2007) Regional economic impacts of tourism: the case of Denmark, Regional Studies 41, 839-853. The Danish interregional general equilibrium model LINE is presented together with its tourism submodel. The model is used to analyse the importance of tourism in regional economies and to decompose regional tourism multipliers. The difference between direct and derived effects is examined; and by using the model, the factors that determine the size of the direct effects and derived effects are identified. The analysis is applied to Danish regions which are divided into urban and rural regions. In general, the results show that tourism multipliers are larger in urban than in rural areas. Factors such as interregional trade, commuting and shopping leakage have to be taken into consideration when evaluating the derived effects. When the leakage is large, the tourism multiplier tends to be small. The paper also draws attention to the difference between absolute and relative impacts of tourism on the regional economy. Zhang J., Madsen B. et Jensen-Butler C. (2007) Les retombees regionales du tourisme: etude de cas du Danemark, Regional Studies 41, 839-853. On presente le modele interregional danois d'equilibre general appele LINE conjointement avec le modele secondaire sur le tourisme. On se sert du modele afin d'analyser l'importance du tourisme dans les economies regionales et pour decomposer les multiplicateurs regionaux du tourisme. On examine la difference entre les retombees directes et indirectes et, a partir du modele, on identifie les facteurs qui determinent l'importance des retombees directes et indirectes. On applique l'analyse aux regions danoises, divisees en zones urbaines et rurales. En regle generale, les resultats laissent voir que les multiplicateurs du tourisme s'averent plus importants dans les zones urbaines qu'ils ne le sont dans les zones rurales. Pour evaluer les retombees indirectes, il faut tenir compte d'autres facteurs, tels les echanges interregionaux, les migrations quotidiennes et la fuite des depenses des menages. Quand la fuite s'avere importante, le multiplicateur du tourisme a tendance a etre negligeable. L'article cherche aussi a attirer l'attention sur la difference entre les retombees absolues et relatives du tourisme sur l'economie regionale. Retombees economiques du tourisme Multiplicateurs du tourisme Modelisation macroeconomique interregionale Regions danoises Zhang J., Madsen B. und Jensen-Butler C. (2007) Die regionalen wirtschaftlichen Auswirkungen des Fremdenverkehrs: der Fall Danemark, Regional Studies 41, 839-853. Vorgestellt wird das danische interregionale allgemeine Gleichgewichtsmodell LINE sowie dessen Fremdenverkehrs-Untermodell. Anhand dieses Modells wird die Bedeutung des Fremdenverkehrs fur regionale Wirtschaften analysiert, und es werden die Multiplikatoren fur den regionalen Fremdenverkehr aufgeschlusselt. Der Unterschied zwischen direkten und abgeleiteten Auswirkungen wird untersucht, und es werden mit Hilfe des Modells die Faktoren identifiziert, die die Grosse der direkten und abgeleiteten Auswirkungen bestimmen. Die Analyse wird auf danische Regionen angewandt, die in stadtische und landliche Regionen gegliedert werden. Im Allgemeinen zeigen die Ergebnisse, dass die Multiplikatoren des Fremdenverkehrs in stadtischen Gebieten grosser sind als in landlichen. Bei der Bewertung der abgeleiteten Auswirkungen mussen Faktoren wie der Kriechverlust durch interregionalen Handel, Pendlerverkehr und Einkaufe berucksichtigt werden. Bei einem grossen Kriechverlust fallt der Multiplikator des Fremdenverkehrs in der Regel klein aus. Ausserdem wird im Beitrag auf den Unterschied zwischen den absoluten und den relativen Auswirkungen des Fremdenverkehrs auf die Regionalwirtschaft hingewiesen. Wirtschaftliche Auswirkungen des Fremdenverkehrs Multiplikatoren des Fremdenverkehrs Interregionale makrookonomische Modelle Danische Regionen Zhang J., Madsen B. y Jensen-Butler C. (2007) Repercusiones de la economia regional en el turismo: El caso de Dinamarca, Regional Studies 41, 839-853. Aqui presentamos el modelo danes LINE de equilibrio general interregional ademas de su submodelo de turismo. Este modelo se utiliza para analizar la importancia del turismo en economias regionales y descomponer los multiplicadores del turismo regional. Examinamos las diferencias entre los efectos directos y derivados y con ayuda de este modelo identificamos los factores que determinan el tamano de los efectos directos y derivados. El analisis se aplica a las regiones danesas que estan divididas en regiones urbanas y rurales. En general, los resultados indican que los multiplicadores del turismo son mayores en zonas urbanas que en zonas rurales. Los factores de fuga, tales como el comercio interregional, los desplazamientos al trabajo y las compras, deben tenerse en cuenta a la hora de evaluar los efectos derivados. Cuando la fuga es superior, el multiplicador del turismo suele ser menor. En este articulo tambien resaltamos la diferencia entre los impactos absolutos y relativos del turismo en la economia regional. Impactos economicos del turismo Multiplicadores del turismo Modelo macroeconomico interregional Regiones danesas

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

    Volume (Year): 41 (2007)
    Issue (Month): 6 ()
    Pages: 839-854

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    Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:41:y:2007:i:6:p:839-854

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    Related research

    Keywords: Economic impacts of tourism; Tourism multipliers; Interregional macroeconomic modelling; Danish regions;

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    Cited by:
    1. Martinho, Vítor João Pereira Domingues, 2013. "Tourism in the Portuguese Rural Areas," EconStor Preprints 71761, ZBW - German National Library of Economics.
    2. Eduardo A. Haddad & Alexandre A. Porsse, Wilson Rabahy, 2011. "Domestic Tourism and Regional Inequality in Brazil," Working Papers, Department of Economics 2011_07, University of São Paulo (FEA-USP).
    3. Eduardo Haddad & Alexandre Porsse & Wilson Rabahy, 2011. "Tourists Expenditure Multipliers: What Difference do Financing Sources Play?," ERSA conference papers ersa11p837, European Regional Science Association.

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