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Disability, Gender and the Labour Market in Wales

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Author Info

  • Melanie Jones
  • Paul Latreille
  • Peter Sloane

Abstract

Jones M. K., Latreille P. L. and Sloane P. J. (2006) Disability, gender and the labour market in Wales, Regional Studies 40, 823-845. Wales exhibits high rates of disability and inactivity, and a higher incidence of mental health problems than other parts of Britain. Using data from the Welsh Local Labour Force Survey, 2001, the results indicate that the low participation rate of the disabled in Wales is partly attributable to their having fewer qualifications; marginal effects suggest education could be a potent remedy for improving their labour market status. In terms of the pay differential between disabled and non-disabled individuals, it would appear that disabled women in Wales suffer disproportionately to disabled men; only in the case of women is there evidence consistent with the presence of discrimination, but this estimate is relatively small. Jones M. K., Latreille P. L. et Sloane P. J. (2006) L'invalidite, le genre et le marche du travail au Pays de Galles, Regional Studies 40, 823-845. Le Pays de Galles manifeste des taux d'invalidite et d'inactivite eleves, et une frequence de problemes psychiatriques plus elevee par rapport au reste de la Grande-Bretagne. A partir des donnees provenant de la Welsh Local Labour Force Survey, 2001 (enquete sur le marche du travail local au Pays de Galles, 2001) les resultats indiquent que le taux d'activite faible des handicapes au Pays de Galles s'explique en partie par la faible qualification; des effets marginaux laissent supposer que l'education pourrait s'averer un outil puissant afin d'ameliorer la situation sur le marche du travail. Pour ce qui est de l'ecart des salaires entre les handicapes et les autres, il semble que les handicapees sont touchees de facon disproportionnee par rapport aux hommes au Pays de Galles; il n'y a des preuves qui correspondent a la discrimination que pour les femmes, mais cette estimation s'avere plus ou moins negligeable. Invalidite Genre Emploi Discrimination en fonction des salaires Pays de Galles Jones M. K., Latreille P. L. und Sloane P. J. (2006) Behinderung, Geschlecht und der Arbeitsmarkt in Wales, Regional Studies 40, 823-845. Wales weist hohe Behinderungs-und Untatigkeitsquoten auf, sowie haufigeres Auftreten von Geisteskrankheiten als andere Teile Grossbritanniens. Mit Hilfe von Daten der walisischen Erwerbstatigenuntersuchung vom Jahre 2001 wird festgestellt, dass die niedrige Teilnahmequote der Behinderten in Wales teilweise ihren mangelnden Qualifikationen zuzuschreiben ist: geringfugige Wirkungen legen nahe, dass Schulbildung ein durchschlagendes Mittel zur Steigerung des Arbeitsmarktstatus sein konnte. Was die Einkommensunterschiede zwischen Behinderten und Nichtbehinderten angeht, so scheinen behinderte Frauen in Wales unverhaltnismassig starker benachteiligt zu sein als behinderte Manner; nur im Falle der Frauen stimmten die beobachteten Beweise mit dem Vorkommen gelegentlicher Diskriminierung uberein, doch die Schatzungen halten sich in relativ engen Grenzen. Behinderung Geschlecht Erwerbstatigkeit Lohndiskriminierung Wales Jones M. K., Latreille P. L. y Sloane P. J. (2006) Discapacidad, genero y el mercado laboral en Gales, Regional Studies 40, 823-845. Gales muestra altas tasas de discapacidad e inactividad y una alta incidencia de problemas mentales en comparacion con otras zonas de Gran Bretana. Usando datos de la Encuesta de Poblacion Activa de Gales de 2001, nuestros resultados indican que la baja tasa de participacion de discapacitados en Gales se debe en parte a que tienen menos estudios. Los efectos marginales sugieren que la educacion podria ser un remedio potencial para mejorar su situacion en el mercado laboral. En terminos de la diferencia salarial entre los discapacitados y no discapacitados, parece ser que las mujeres discapacitadas de Gales padecen desproporcionadamente mucho mas que los hombres discapacitados. Solo en el caso de las mujeres se observa claramente la presencia de discriminacion pero este calculo es relativamente pequeno. Discapacidad Genero Empleo Discriminacion salarial Gales

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

Volume (Year): 40 (2006)
Issue (Month): 8 ()
Pages: 823-845

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Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:40:y:2006:i:8:p:823-845

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Related research

Keywords: Disability; Gender; Employment; Wage discrimination; Wales;

References

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  1. Chevalier, Arnaud & Harmon, Colm & Walker, Ian & Zhu, Yu, 2003. "Does Education Raise Productivity or Just Reflect It?," CEPR Discussion Papers 3993, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  2. Marjorie Baldwin & William G. Johnson, 1994. "Labor Market Discrimination against Men with Disabilities," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 29(1), pages 1-19.
  3. Dickens, Richard & Gregg, Paul & Wadsworth, Jonathan, 2000. "New Labour and the Labour Market," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 16(1), pages 95-113, Spring.
  4. Alan B. Krueger & Lawrence H. Summers, 1986. "Reflections on the Inter-Industry Wage Structure," NBER Working Papers 1968, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Andy Pike, 2007. "Editorial: Whither Regional Studies?," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 41(9), pages 1143-1148.
  2. Longhi, Simonetta & Nicoletti, Cheti & Platt, Lucinda, 2009. "Decomposing pay gaps across the wage distribution: investigating inequalities of ethno-religious groups and disabled people," ISER Working Paper Series 2009-31, Institute for Social and Economic Research.
  3. Bell, David N.F. & Heitmueller, Axel, 2005. "The Disability Discrimination Act in the UK: Helping or Hindering Employment Amongst the Disabled?," IZA Discussion Papers 1476, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

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