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Universities and associative regional governance: Australian evidence in non-core metropolitan regions

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  • Chrys Gunasekara
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    Abstract

    Gunasekara C. (2006) Universities and associative regional governance: Australian evidence in non-core metropolitan regions, Regional Studies 40, 727-741. Associative governance refers to a networked approach to governance that is based on mutual trust, collaboration, devolution of power and decentralization of decision-making to the lowest level practicable. This is regarded in the new regionalism literature as an essential element of regional innovation systems and learning regions, which turn on social learning. Drawing on this literature, the paper explores the roles performed by three Australian universities located in non-core metropolitan regions in fostering an associative approach to governance. A conceptual distinction between generative and developmental roles is proposed, and this distinction is examined in three university case studies, together with possible explanations of the roles performed by the universities. The research finds that the universities perform a developmental role and, arguably, a third transitional role that sits between the generative and developmental roles. Possible explanations of the roles performed are canvassed relating to policy settings, regional identity and university characteristics, and a number of anomalies are uncovered. These anomalies carry significant implications for policy and for the management of universities in peripheral regions. Gunasekara C. (2006) Les universites et la gouvernance regionale associative: des preuves australiennes aupres des regions non-metropolitaines peripheriques, Regional Studies 40, 727-741. La notion de gouvernance associative fait allusion a une approche d'aborder la gouvernance en reseau qui est fondee sur la confiance reciproque, la collaboration, la regionalisation des competences et la subsidiarite. Dans la nouvelle documentation sur le regionalisme, cela est consideree comme un element cle des systemes d'innovation regionaux et des zones d'apprentissage regionales, qui dependent de l'apprentissage social. Puisant dans cette documentation, le present article cherche a examiner les roles joues par trois universites en Australie, situees dans des regions non-metropolitaines peripheriques, dans la promotion d'une approche d'aborder la gouvernance associative. On propose une distinction conceptuelle entre les roles generateur et de developpement et on examine cette distinction a partir des etudes de cas aupres de trois universites, conjointement avec des explicaitons eventuelles des roles joues par les universites. De la recherche il s'avere que les universites jouent un role de developpement et un troisieme role de transition qui colmate la breche entre les roles generateur et de developpement. On recherche des explications eventuelles des roles joues par rapport aux contextes politiques, a l'identite regionale et aux caracteristiques des universites, et un nombre d'anomalies sont devoilees. Ces anomalies sont d'une grande importance pour la politique et la gestion des universites situees dans les zones peripheriques. Regions Universites Triple helice Gunasekara C. (2006) Universitaten und assoziative regionale Regierungsgewalt: australische Beweise von Regionen, die abseits vom Kern der Grossstadte liegen, Regional Studies 40, 727-741. Assoziative Regierungsgewalt bezieht sich auf einen Netzwerkansatz, der auf gegenseitigem Vertrauen, Zusammenarbeit, Gewaltenteilung und Dezentralisation des Entscheidungentreffens bis zur untersten praktisch durchfuhrbaren Ebene grundet. Dies wird in der neuen Literatur des Regionalismus als ein wesentliches Element der regionalen Innovationssysteme und Lernregionen angesehen, wobei es sich um soziales Lernen handelt. Im Anschluss an diese Literatur untersucht dieser Aufsatz die Rolle, die drei australische Universitaten, die sich nicht in Kerngebieten grossstadtischer Regionen befinden, bei der Pflege eines assoziativen Ansatzes zur Regierungsform spielen. Es wird eine begriffliche Unterscheidung zwischen generativen und Entwicklungsrollen vorgeschlagen, und diese Unterscheidung wird in drei Fallstudien der Universitaten in Verbindung mit moglichen Erklarungen der Rolle von Universitaten untersucht. Die Untersuchung stellt fest, dass die Universitaten eine Entwicklungsrolle erfullen und moglicherweise sogar eine dritte, die zwischen generativer und Entwicklungsrolle angesiedelt ist. Mogliche Erklarungen der ubernommenen Rollen werden bezuglich Hintergrund der Bestrebungen, regionaler Identitat und Eigenschaften von Universitaten vorgebracht, wobei eine Anzahl von Anomalitaten aufgedeckt wird. Die Anomalitaten haben signifikante Implikationen fur die Bestrebungen und die Leitung von Universitaten in Randregionen. Regionen Universitaten dreifache Helix Gunasekara C. (2006) Universidades y gobernanza asociativa regional: el ejemplo de Australia en regiones metropolitanas no centrales, Regional Studies 40, 727-741. La gobernanza asociativa hace referencia a un modelo interconectado de gobernanza basado en la confianza mutua, la colaboracion, la transferencia de poderes y la descentralizacion de la toma de decisiones al nivel practicable mas bajo. En la literatura sobre nuevo regionalismo esto se considera un elemento basico de los sistemas de innovacion regional y regiones de aprendizaje que fomentan el aprendizaje social. Basandose en esta literatura, en este ensayo exploramos los roles desempenados por tres universidades australianas, ubicadas en regiones metropolitanas no centrales, en el fomento del enfoque asociativo en la gobernanza. Proponemos hacer una distincion conceptual entre los roles generativo y de desarrollo, y examinamos esta diferencia en tres estudios practicos aportando las posibles explicaciones de los roles desempenados por las universidades. En este estudio descubrimos que las universidades desempenan un rol de desarrollo y, posiblemente, un tercer rol de transicion que se situa entre los roles generativo y de desarrollo. Examinamos las posibles explicaciones de los roles desempenados con relacion a los entornos politicos, la identidad regional y las caracteristicas de la universidad y descubrimos una serie de irregularidades. Estas irregularidades conllevan importantes implicaciones para la politica y la gestion de las universidades en regiones perifericas. Regiones Universidades Triple helice

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

    Volume (Year): 40 (2006)
    Issue (Month): 7 ()
    Pages: 727-741

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    Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:40:y:2006:i:7:p:727-741

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    Related research

    Keywords: Regions; Universities; Triple helix;

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    1. Helen Lawton Smith & David Keeble & Clive Lawson & Barry Moore & Frank Wilkinson, 2001. "University-business interaction in the Oxford and Cambridge regions," Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie, Royal Dutch Geographical Society KNAG, vol. 92(1), pages 88-99, 02.
    2. Bengt-ake Lundvall & Bjorn Johnson, 1994. "The Learning Economy," Industry and Innovation, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 1(2), pages 23-42.
    3. Roland Andersson & John M. Quigley & Mats Wilhelmson, 2004. "University decentralization as regional policy: the Swedish experiment," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 4(4), pages 371-388, August.
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    Cited by:
    1. Herbst, Mikolaj & Rok, Jakub, 2013. "Mobility of human capital and its effect on regional economic development. Review of theory and empirical literature," MPRA Paper 45755, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. John Goddard & Louise Kempton & Paul Vallance, 2013. "Universities and Smart Specialisation: challenges, tensions and opportunities for the innovation strategies of european regions," EKONOMIAZ, Gobierno Vasco / Eusko Jaurlaritza / Basque Government, vol. 83(02), pages 83-102.

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