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Regional labour market conditions and university dropout rates: Evidence from Italy

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  • Giorgio Di Pietro

Abstract

Di Pietro G. (2006) Regional labour market conditions and university dropout rates: evidence from Italy, Regional Studies 40, 617-630. The paper assesses the impact of regional labour market conditions on university dropout rates in Italy using panel data and cross-sectional estimation techniques. The empirical results obtained from both these methods support the hypothesis of a negative relationship between regional unemployment rates and university dropout rates. Additionally, both analyses underscore the importance of controlling for unobservable regional characteristics and suggest that the results of studies without such controls should be interpreted cautiously. Di Pietro G. (2006) Les conditions des marches du travail regionaux et le nombre d'etudiants qui abandonnent leurs etudes: des preuves italiennes, Regional Studies 40, 617-630. A partir de donnees de panal et de donnees en coupes transversales, cet article cherche a evaluer l'impact des conditions des marches du travail regionaux sur le nombre d'etudiants universitaires qui abandonnent leurs etudes en Italie. Les resultats empiriques ainsi obtenus soutiennent l'hypothese suivant: les taux de chomage regionaux et le nombre d'etudiants universitaires qui abandonnent leurs etudes sont en correlation faible. En outre, les deux analyses soulignent l'importance de tenir compte des caracteristiques regionales qui ne sont pas observables et laissent supposer que l'on devrait interpreter avec prudence les resultats des etudes qui n'en tiennent pas compte. Abandon des etudes Conditions du marche du travail Approche effets fixes Di Pietro G. (2006) Regionale Arbeitsmarktbedingungen und Universitatsausstiegsraten: Beweise aus Italien, Regional Studies 40, 617-630. Dieser Aufsatz beurteilt die Auswirkung regionaler Arbeitsmarktbedingungen auf Raten des Studiumsabbruchs in Italien mit Hilfe von Datenlisten und Methoden der Querschnittsberechnung. Die so von beiden Methoden gewonnenen, empirischen Ergebnisse bekraftigen die Hypothese einer negativen Beziehung zwischen regionalen Erwerbstatigkeitsraten und Raten der Universitatsaussteiger. Ausserdem unterstreichen beide Analysen die Bedeutung der Regulierung nicht beobachtbarer regionaler Eigenschaften, und legen nahe, dass die Ergebnisse von Studien ohne derartige Kontrollmassnahmen mit Vorsicht interpretiert werden sollten. Ausstieg Arbeitsmarktbedingungen Ansatz festgelegter Wirkungen Di Pietro G. (2006) Las condiciones del mercado laboral regional y el ratio de abandono en los estudios universitarios: el caso de Italia, Regional Studies 40, 617-630. El articulo estudia el impacto de las condiciones regionales del mercado laboral sobre el ratio de abandono universitario utilizando datos de panel y tecnicas de estimacion de seccion cruzada. Los resultados obtenidos mediante ambos metodos proporcionan suporte a la hipotesis de una relacion negativa entra la tasa de desempleo y el ratio de abandono. Ademas, ambos analisis recalcan la importancia de tener en cuenta el impacto de variables regionales no observables y sugieren que los resultados de aquellos estudios que no consideren este efecto deben ser interpretados con precaucion. Ratio de abandono Condiciones del mercado laboral Tecnicas de efectos fijos

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

Volume (Year): 40 (2006)
Issue (Month): 6 ()
Pages: 617-630

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Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:40:y:2006:i:6:p:617-630

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Related research

Keywords: Dropout; Labour market conditions; Fixed effects approach;

References

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  1. James A. Kahn & Jong-Soo Lim, 1997. "Skilled labor -- augmenting technical progress in U.S. manufacturing," Research Paper 9738, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
  2. Rees, Daniel I. & Mocan, H. Naci, 1997. "Labor market conditions and the high school dropout rate: Evidence from New York State," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 16(2), pages 103-109, April.
  3. Manski, Charles F., 1989. "Schooling as experimentation: a reappraisal of the postsecondary dropout phenomenon," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 8(4), pages 305-312, August.
  4. Jeremy P. Smith & Robin A. Naylor, 2001. "Dropping out of university: A statistical analysis of the probability of withdrawal for UK university students," Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series A, Royal Statistical Society, vol. 164(2), pages 389-405.
  5. Dolton, Peter & Vignoles, Anna, 2000. "The incidence and effects of overeducation in the U.K. graduate labour market," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 19(2), pages 179-198, April.
  6. Geraint Johnes & Robert McNabb, 2004. "Never Give up on the Good Times: Student Attrition in the UK," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 66(1), pages 23-47, 02.
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Cited by:
  1. Massimiliano Bratti & Daniele Checchi & Guido de Blasio, 2008. "Does the Expansion of Higher Education Increase the Equality of Educational Opportunities? Evidence from Italy," LABOUR, CEIS, vol. 22(s1), pages 53-88, 06.
  2. Manuel Bagues & Mauro Sylos Labini & Natalia Zinovyeva, 2008. "Differential Grading Standards and University Funding: Evidence from Italy," Working Papers 2008-07, FEDEA.
  3. Paolo Ghinetti & Simone Moriconi, 2010. "The wage return to graduate in a regional university: evidence from Italy," CREA Discussion Paper Series 10-23, Center for Research in Economic Analysis, University of Luxembourg.
  4. Patrizia Ordine & Giuseppe Rose, 2011. "Educational Mismatch and Wait Unemployment," Working Papers 19, AlmaLaurea Inter-University Consortium.
  5. Gitto, Lara & Minervini, Leo Fulvio & Monaco, Luisa, 2012. "University dropouts: supply-side issues in Italy," MPRA Paper 56656, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Nov 2013.
  6. Adamopoulou, Effrosyni & Tanzi, Giulia M., 2014. "Academic Performance and the Great Recession," MPRA Paper 54913, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  7. Giorgia Casalone & Carmen Aina & Eliana Baici, 2010. "Time-to-degree: Students' abilities, university characteristics or what else?," Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación volume 5, in: María Jesús Mancebón-Torrubia & Domingo P. Ximénez-de-Embún & José María Gómez-Sancho & Greg (ed.), Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación 5, edition 1, volume 5, chapter 3, pages 67-86 Asociación de Economía de la Educación.
  8. Bratti, Massimiliano & Leombruni, Roberto, 2009. "Local Human Capital Externalities and Wages at the Firm Level: The Case of Italian Manufacturing," IZA Discussion Papers 4613, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  9. Carmen Aina & Eliana Baici & Giorgia Casalone, 2010. "Time-to-Degree: Students' Abilities, University Characteristics or What Else? Evidence from Italy," Working Papers 130, SEMEQ Department - Faculty of Economics - University of Eastern Piedmont.

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