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Urban-Rural Migration in the USA: An Analysis of Residential Satisfaction

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  • Holly Barcus
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    Abstract

    Barcus H. R. (2004) Urban-rural migration in the USA: an analysis of residential satisfaction, Regional Studies38, 643-657. The past 30 years have witnessed three major shifts in the direction of migration flows in the USA. During the 1970s and early 1990s, increased in-migration created growth in many rural areas, contrary to historical flows. Improvements in transportation and communication technologies and the lure of rural amenities have drawn urbanites to rural areas. These migrants are well positioned socio-economically to make informed migration decisions resulting in improved residential satisfaction following a move to a rural place. This study analyses the changes in residential satisfaction of urban-rural migrants using the 1991 American Housing Survey. Data for the USA are assessed using descriptive statistics and multinomial logit models. Urban-rural migrants are generally more satisfied with their new rural location, but this varies across age groups and other socio-demographic characteristics. Tenure shift is the only significant variable in predicting residential satisfaction; individual migrant characteristics and their motivations offered little explanation for the variation in residential satisfaction following a move. The findings help us understand the link between migration and residential mobility in the context of urban-rural moves and add to our knowledge of residential satisfaction following a move. Barcus H. R. (2004) La migration urbano-rurale aux Etats-Unis: une analyse de la satisfaction residentielle, Regional Studies38, 643-657. Les trente dernieres annees ont temoigne de trois changements d'orientation majeurs quant a la direction des flux migratoires aux Etats-Unis. Pendant les annees 1970 et au debut des annees 1990, une augmentation du solde migratoire positif a suscite a la croissance dans beaucoup des zones rurales, contrairement aux flux historiques. Des ameliorations dans les technologies de la transportation et de la communication, et l'attrait des equipements ruraux, ont seduit les habitants des zones urbaines aux zones rurales. Ces migrants sont d'une couche sociale qui leur permet de prendre des decisions bien informees quant a la migration, ce qui resulte en une meilleure satisfaction residentielle suite a un deplacement a destination rurale. A partir de l'enquete sur le logement menee aux Etats-Unis en 1991, cette etude cherche a analyser les changements de la satisfaction des migrants urbano-ruraux. On evalue des donnees pour les Etats-Unis employant des statistiques descriptives et des modeles du type logit multinomial. En regle generale, les migrants urbano-ruraux sont plus satisfaits de leur nouvel emplacement rural, mais cela varie suivant la classe d'age et en fonction d'autres caracteristiques socio-demographiques. Le changement de la jouissance des droits de propriete s'avere la seule variable importante pour ce qui est de la prevision de la satisfaction residentielle; les caracteristiques individuelles et la motivation des migrants donnent peu d'explication de la variation de la satisfaction residentielle suite a un deplacement. Les resultats facilitent une meilleure comprehension du lien entre la migration et la mobilite residentielle dans le contexte des deplacements urbano-ruraux et contribuent a la connaissance a propos de la satisfaction residentielle suite a un deplacement. Barcus H. R. (2004) Wanderung von der Stadt aufs Land in den Vereinigten Staaten: eine Analyse der Wohnbefriedigung, Regional Studies38, 643-657. In den letzten dreissig Jahren wurden in den Vereinigten Staaten dreierlei bedeutende Verschiebungen bei der Ausrichtung von Wanderungsstromen beobachtet. Wahrend der siebziger und anfangs der neunziger Jahre fuhrte verstarkte Einwanderung im Gegensatz zu fruheren Stromungen zu Wachstum in vielen landlichen Gebieten. Verbesserungen im Transport-und Kommunkationswesen und Angebote landlicher Annehmlichkeiten haben Stadter aufs Land gelockt. Diese Wanderer sind okonomisch gut abgesichert, um wohluberlegte Wanderungsentscheidungen zu treffen, die zu vermehrter Wohnbefriedigung infolge Umzug aufs Land fuhren. Gestutzt auf Daten des amerikanischen Wohnungsgutachtens vom Jahre 1991 analysiert diese Untersuchung die Veranderungen in der Wohnbefriedigung bei Umzugen von Stadtern aufs Land. Daten fur die Vereinigten Staaten werden mittels beschreibender Statistiken und multinominaler Logitmodelle bewertet. Stadter, die aufs Land zogen, sind im allgemeinem von ihrem neuen landlichem Standort durchaus angetan, doch es gibt Unterschiede in bestimmten Altersgruppen und bei anderen sozio-okonomischen Kategorien. Verschiebung der Besitzperiode ist die einzig signifikante Veranderliche bei der Vorhersage vonWohnbefriedigung; individuelle Wandereigenschaften und ihre Beweggrunde bieten nur wenig Ursachen fur Abweichungen in Wohnbefriedigung im Anschluss an einen Umzug. Die Befunde tragen dazu bei, Verknupfungen zwischen Wanderung und Wohnortwechsel im Zussamenhang mit Umzugen von der Stadt aufs Land zu verstehen, und zur Wahrnehmung der Wohnortbefriedigung nach einem Umzug beizutragen. Barcus H. R. (2004) Migracion urbana-rural en los Estados Unidos: un analisis de satisfaccion residencial, Regional Studies38, 643-657. Los ultimos 30 anos han sido testigos de tres cambios fundamentales en la direccion de los cambios migratorios en los Estados Unidos. Durante los anos 70 y principios de los 90, un incremento en la in-migracion llevo al crecimiento de muchas areas rurales, contrario a flujos historicos. Mejoras en el transporte y en las tecnologias de la comunicacion y el atractivo de las amenidades rurales han provocado el desplazamiento de las urbanidades a areas rurales. Estos emigrantes estan bien posicionados socio-economicamente para tomar decisiones migratorias informadas resultando en una mejora de su satisfaccion residencial luego de un traslado a una zona rural. Este estudio analiza los cambios en la satisfaccion residencial de emigrantes urbanos-rurales utilizando la Encuesta de Hogares Americanos de 1991. Los datos de los Estados Unidos se calculan utilizando estadisticas descriptivas y modelos logit multinomiales. Los emigrantes urbanos-rurales estan generalmente mas satisfechos con su nueva ubicacion rural pero esto varia a traves de grupos de diferentes edades y de otras caracteristicas socio-demograficas. El cambio de tenencia es la unica variable significativa a la hora de predecir el nivel de satisfaccion residencial; las caracteristicas individuales de los emigrantes y sus motivaciones ofrecieron poca explicacion de la variacion en satisfaccion residencial luego de un traslado. Los resultados nos ayudan a comprender el vinculo entre migracion y movilidad residencial en el contexto de desplazamientos urbanos-rurales y aumentan nuestro conocimiento sobre satisfaccion residencial luego de un traslado.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

    Volume (Year): 38 (2004)
    Issue (Month): 6 ()
    Pages: 643-657

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    Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:38:y:2004:i:6:p:643-657

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    Related research

    Keywords: Migration; Residential Satisfaction; Usa; Urban-rural Migration;

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    Cited by:
    1. Díaz Serrano, Luis & Stoyanova, Alexandrina Petrova, 2009. "Mobility and Housing Satisfaction: An Empirical Analysis for Twelve EU Countries," Working Papers 2072/42895, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Department of Economics.
    2. Switek, Malgorzata, 2012. "Internal Migration and Life Satisfaction: Well-Being Effects of Moving as a Young Adult," IZA Discussion Papers 7016, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    3. Peter Howley, 2008. "Outward Population Shifts: Towards a Greater Understanding of Residential Behaviour," Working Papers 0822, Rural Economy and Development Programme,Teagasc.
    4. Tan, Teck Hong & Khong, Kok Wei, 2012. "The Link between Homeownership Motivation and Housing Satisfaction," MPRA Paper 46890, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Russell James, 2008. "Residential Satisfaction of Elderly Tenants in Apartment Housing," Social Indicators Research, Springer, vol. 89(3), pages 421-437, December.
    6. Cader, Hanas A. & Leatherman, John C., 2008. "Geography of Employment and Establishment Dynamics in Information Technology and E-Commerce Industries," Journal of Regional Analysis and Policy, Mid-Continent Regional Science Association, vol. 38(1).
    7. Peter Howley, 2008. "An Exploration of Neighbourly Ties within Newly Regenerated Residential Areas," Working Papers 0826, Rural Economy and Development Programme,Teagasc.
    8. Seongyeon Auh & Christine Cook, 2009. "Quality of Community Life Among Rural Residents: An Integrated Model," Social Indicators Research, Springer, vol. 94(3), pages 377-389, December.
    9. Peter Howley & Mark Scott & Declan Redmond, 2008. "An examination of residential preferences for less sustainable housing," Working Papers 0824, Rural Economy and Development Programme,Teagasc.
    10. Luis Diaz-Serrano & Alexandrina P. Stoyanova, 2008. "The Causal Relationship between Individual’s Choice Behavior and Self-Reported Satisfaction: the Case of Residential Mobility in the EU," Working Papers XREAP2008-02, Xarxa de Referència en Economia Aplicada (XREAP), revised Mar 2008.
    11. Peter Howley, 2008. "Addressing the ‘Liveability’ Concerns of Residents in High Density Housing," Working Papers 0825, Rural Economy and Development Programme,Teagasc.

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