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Knowledge Complementarity and Fungeability: Implications for Regional Strategy

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  • Cristiano Antonelli

Abstract

A NTONELLI C. (2003) Knowledge complementarity and fungeability: implications for regional strategy, Reg. Studies 37 , 595-606. Complexity and fungeability are two specific aspects of knowledge indivisibility. Complexity matters when the production of new knowledge requires the combination of diverse and yet complementary bits of knowledge. Fungeability is found when some units of knowledge can apply in a variety of different contexts, different products and different processes. Both knowledge complexity and knowledge fungeability are the cause of increasing returns in the generation of knowledge. The governance of the distribution of knowledge instead is affected by decreasing returns to the variety of elements of knowledge. Exchanges in the markets for knowledge are limited by transaction costs. Internalization of different bits of knowledge is constrained by coordination costs. Firms can take advantage of knowledge complexity and fungeability by means of networking in regional space. A NTONELLI C. (2003) Les connaissances complementaires et fongibles: des retombees pour la politique re gionale, Reg. Studies 37 , 595-606. L'indivisibilite de la connaissance est une notion a la fois complexe et fongible. La notion de complexite importe quand la production de nouvelles connaissances exige la combinaison de brins de connaissance divers mais aussi complementaires. La notion de fongibilite importe quand des brins de connaissance s' appliquent a toute une gamme de contextes, de produits et de proce des differents. Et la complexite et la fongibilite de la connaissance causent des rendements croissants dans la production de la connaissance. La gouvernance de la distribution de la connaissance est concernee par des rendements decroissants de divers brins de connaissance. Les e changes dans les marches de la connaissance sont limites par les frais de transaction. L'interiorisation de divers brins de connaissance est limitee par les couts de coordination. Les entreprises peuvent profiter de la complexite et de la fongibilite de la connaissance par moyen de la construction de reseaux dans l'espace regional. A NTONELLI C. (2003) Vervollstandigung und Auswechselbarkeit von Kenntnissen; Implikationen fur Regionalstrategie, Reg. Studies 37 , 595- 606. Komplexitat und Auswechselbarkeit sind zwei spezifische Aspekte der Unteilbarkeit des Wissens. Komplexitat ist wichtig, wenn das Aufkommen neuer Erkenntnisse die Verbindung verschiedener, doch sich zugleich erga nzender Wissensteile erfordert. Auswechselbareit tritt auf, wenn Wissenseinheiten in einer Vielfalt verschiedener Zusammenhange, verschiedener Produkte und verschiedener Prozesse anwendbar sind. Sowohl Komplexitat als auch Auswechselbarkeit von Kenntnissen sind Ursache zunehmenden Gewinns bei der Schaffung von Kenntnissen. Die Kontrolle der Verbreitung von Wissen dagegen fuhrt zu abnehmenden Gewinnerfolgen fur die Vielfalt der Wissenselemente. Durchfuhrungskosten setzen dem Umtausch auf dem Kenntnismarkt Grenzen, Internalisierung einzelner Wissensteile wird durch Koordinationskosten eingeschrankt. Firmen konnen sich die Komplexitat und Auswechselbarkeit von Kenntnissen durch Rechenverbund im regionalen Raum zu Nutze machen.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

Volume (Year): 37 (2003)
Issue (Month): 6-7 ()
Pages: 595-606

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Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:37:y:2003:i:6-7:p:595-606

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Related research

Keywords: Indivisibility; Complexity; Fungeability; Supermodularity; Economies Of Scope; Governance; Transaction; Agglomeration; Coordination;

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References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Antonelli, Cristiano, 2003. "The Governance of Technological Knowledge: Strategies, Processes and Public Policies," Department of Economics and Statistics Cognetti de Martiis LEI & BRICK - Laboratory of Economics of Innovation "Franco Momigliano", Bureau of Research in Innovation, Complexity and Knowledge, Collegio 200306, University of Turin.
  2. Temel, Tugrul & Kinlay, Dorjee, 2012. "A Methodology for Information System Formation and Performance," MPRA Paper 42263, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  3. Antonelli, Cristiano, 2003. "Localized Technological Change," Department of Economics and Statistics Cognetti de Martiis LEI & BRICK - Laboratory of Economics of Innovation "Franco Momigliano", Bureau of Research in Innovation, Complexity and Knowledge, Collegio 200305, University of Turin.
  4. Antonelli, Cristiano, 2005. "The Governance Of Localized Knowledge: An Information Economics Approach For The Economics Of Knowledge," Department of Economics and Statistics Cognetti de Martiis LEI & BRICK - Laboratory of Economics of Innovation "Franco Momigliano", Bureau of Research in Innovation, Complexity and Knowledge, Collegio 200502, University of Turin.
  5. Pekka Saaskilahti, 2006. "Strategic R&D And Network Compatibility," Economics of Innovation and New Technology, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 15(8), pages 711-733.
  6. Antonelli, Cristiano, 2004. "To Use or To Sell Technological Knowledge," Department of Economics and Statistics Cognetti de Martiis LEI & BRICK - Laboratory of Economics of Innovation "Franco Momigliano", Bureau of Research in Innovation, Complexity and Knowledge, Collegio 200405, University of Turin.
  7. Saarivirta, Toni & Consoli, Davide, 2007. "Where Did They Go? A Study on Newly Established Universities and Graduate Mobility in Finland," MPRA Paper 11377, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  8. Ayten Aysen Kaya, 2006. "Regional Specialization And Location Of Industrial Activity In Turkey," Working Papers 0606, Ege University, Department of Economics.

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