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A Productivity Growth Interpretation of the Labour Demand Shift-Share Model

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  • Daniel J. Graham Shaw
  • Nigel Spence
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    Abstract

    GRAHAM D. J. and SPENCE N. (1998) A productivity growth interpretation of the labour demand shift-share model, Reg. Studies 32, 515-525. This paper proposes modifications to the labour demand shift-share model set out in this journal by CASLER, 1989, to allow for its implementation and to extend its use to analyses of regional labour productivity growth. The paper begins by briefly outlining the theoretical basis for the shift-share method provided in Casler's paper, and then goes on to present a specific reformulation of the model which incorporates input price and technological growth effects on labour demand. These additional effects are defined as productivity components within the shift-share model, and the empirical and theoretical implications of the modifications made are discussed in the paper. An empirical example of the results obtained through the modified labour demand shift-share model is then provided for selected British regions. The paper concludes by outlining potential uses of the modified model for regional analyses of labour productivity GRAHAM D. J. et SPENCE N. (1998) Une interpretation du modele de redistribution et de repartition relatif a la demande d'emploi basee sur la croissance de la productivite, Reg. Studies 32, 515-525. Cet article propose des modifications au modele de redistribution et de repartition relatif a la demande d'emploi et presente dans cette revue par CASLER (en 1989) afin de tenir compte de sa mise en oeuvre et pour elargir son application aux analyses de la croisance regionale de la productivite du travail. En premier l'article esquisse en bref le point de depart theorique en faveur de la methode de redistribution et de repartition d'apres Casler. Il s'ensuit une presentation d'une nouvelle elaboration particuliere du modele qui comprend les effets des prix des facteurs de production et de la croissance technologique sur la demande d'emploi. Ces effets supplementaires sont definis au sein du modele de redistribution et de repartition comme des composants de la productivite, et les implications empiriques et theoriques des modifications se voient discuter. Il s'ensuit une presentation d'un exemple empirique des resultats obtenus a partir du modele de redistribution et de repartition relatif a la demande d'emploi pour certaines regions en Grande-Bretagne. Pour conclure, cet article esquisse des applications eventuelles du modele modifie quant aux analyses regionales de la productivite du travail GRAHAM D. J. und SPENCE N.(1998)Eine Leistungszunahmeinterpretation des Shift-Sharemodells zur Arbeiternachfrage, Reg. Studies 32, 515-525 Dieser Aufsatz schlagt Abanderungen des Shift-Sharemodells fur Arbeiternachfrage vor, das im Jahre 1989 von CASLER in diesem Journal vorgestellt worden war, um seine Umsetzung und Ausdehnung seiner Anwendung auf Analysen der regionalen Zunahme der Arbeitsleistung zu gestatten. Der Aufsatz umreisst eingangs kurz die theoretische Grundlage fur die Shift-Sharemethode wie sie in Caslers Aufsatz erscheint, und stellt dann eine spezifische Umformulierung des Modells vor, die Aufwandpreis und technologische Wachstumsauswirkungen auf Arbeiternachfrage einschliessen. Diese zusa �tzlichen Auswirkungen werden als Leistungskomponenten des Shift-Sharemodells definiert, und die empirischen und theoretischen Implikationen der vorgenommenen Modifikationen im Aufsatz diskutiert. Ein empirisches Beispiel der Ergebnisse, die mit Hilfe des modifizierten Shift-Sharemodells zur Arbeiternachfrage erreicht wurden, wird sodann fur ausgewahlte britische Regionen mitgegeben. Der Aufsatz schliesst mit einer Ubersicht uber potentielle Anwendungen des modifizierten Modells fur regionale Analysen der Arbeitsleistung.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

    Volume (Year): 32 (1998)
    Issue (Month): 6 ()
    Pages: 515-525

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    Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:32:y:1998:i:6:p:515-525

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    1. D C Knudsen & R Barff, 1991. "Shift - share analysis as a linear model," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 23(3), pages 421-431, March.
    2. John Freebairn & Bill Griffiths, 2006. "Introduction," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 82(s1), pages S1-S1, 09.
    3. D R Holden & J K Swales & A G M Nairn, 1987. "The repeated application of shift-share: a structural explanation of regional growth?," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 19(9), pages 1233-1250, September.
    4. N Vagionis & N Spence, 1994. "Total factor regional productivity in Greece," Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 12(4), pages 383-407, August.
    5. Beeson, Patricia E., 1990. "Sources of the decline of manufacturing in large metropolitan areas," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 28(1), pages 71-86, July.
    6. Henderson, J. Vernon, 1986. "Efficiency of resource usage and city size," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 19(1), pages 47-70, January.
    7. Andrikopoulos, Andreas A., 1980. "A synthesis of the production function and the shift-share model : A new regional modelling approach," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 10(4), pages 539-560, November.
    8. Fogarty, Michael S. & Garofalo, Gasper A., 1988. "Urban spatial structure and productivity growth in the manufacturing sector of cities," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 23(1), pages 60-70, January.
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