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Regional Development Strategies in Changing Environments: An Ecological Approach

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  • Francesca Gambarotto
  • Mario Maggioni

Abstract

GAMBAROTTO F. and MAGGIONI M. A. (1998) Regional development strategies in changing environments: an ecological approach, Reg. Studies 32 , 49-61. The aim of this paper is the analysis of regional industrial development policies. This objective is achieved through a class of dynamic models mutated from the population ecology literature. The paper begins by studying the development of a local population of homogeneous firms when only one region is considered. In this way it is possible to endogenously determine the regional 'carrying capacity' (i.e. the maximum dimension of its industrial mass) in terms of the availability of resources (local inputs and infrastructures) and the firms' ability to exploit these resources. The analysis is then extended through the introduction of the regional public authority which is able to foster regional industrial development by focusing its interventions on two alternative targets: either the regional 'maximum rate of growth' ( r -strategy) or the regional 'carrying capacity' ( K -strategy). The paper concludes by studying the effects of both national and international macro-economic shocks on the regional economy. Wefind that not only the size but also the frequency of these shocks is relevant when assessing the optimality of different policies. GAMBAROTTO F.et MAGGIONI M. A. (1998) La politique d'amenagement du territoire dans des environnements en pleine evolution: une facon ecologique, Reg. Studies 32 , 49-61. Cet article analyse des politiques d'amenagement du territoire a partir d'un ensemble de modeles dynamiques developpe par la biologie des populations. En premier, l'article etudie le developpement d'un regroupement local d'entreprises homogenes au sein d'une seule region. Cela permet la determination endogene du 'potentiel' (a savoir, les limites de sa masse industrielle) en termes de la disponibilitede ressources (c'est a dire, les inputs et les equipements locaux), et la capacite des entreprises de valoriser ces ressources. L'analyse se poursuit en presentant la direction regionale qui encourage l'amenagement du territoire en concentrant ses aides directes sur deux objectifs alternatifs: ou 'le taux de croissance maximale' regional (la strategie- r ), ou 'le potentiel' regional (la strategie- K ). Pour conclure, l'article etudie les effets des chocs macroeconomiques, et nationaux, et internationaux, sur l'economie regionale. Il s'avere que non seulement l'ampleur mais aussi la frequence de ces chocs est pertinente lors d'une evaluation du pour et du contre des politiques differentes. GAMBAROTTO F.und MAGGIONI M. A. (1998) Regionale Entwicklungsstrategien in sich wandelnden Umwelten: ein okologischer Ansatz, Reg. Studies 32 , 49-61. Das Ziel dieses Aufsatzes ist die Analyse von Bestrebungen regionaler industrieller Entwicklung. Die wird mittels einer Art dynamischer Modelle erreicht, die eine Abwendung von der Bevolkerungsokologieliteratur darstellt. Der Aufsatz untersucht zunachst die Entwicklung einer ortsansassigen Bevolkerung gleichartiger Firmen, die sich auf nur eine Region beschrankt. Auf diese Weise ist es moglich, die regionale 'Tragfahigkeit', (d.h. die maximale Dimension ihrer industriellen Masse) endogen unter dem Aspekt des Vorhandenseins von Resourssen (ortlicher Aufwand und Infrastruktur) und der Fahigkeit der Firmen, diese auszunutzen, zu bestimmen. Die Analyse wird sodann durch die Einfuhrung der regionalen Amtsbehorde erweitert, welche regionale Industrieentwicklung fordern kann, indem sie ihr Eingreifen auf zweierlei Ziele, entweder die regionale 'maximale Wachstumsrate' (Strategie r ) oder die regionale 'Tragfahigkeit' (Strategie K ) konzentriert. Der Aufsatz schliesst mit einer Untersuchung der Auswirkungen nationaler und internationaler makrookonomischer Schocks, die eine Regionalwirtschaft treffen. Es wird festgestellt, dass nicht nur die Grosse, sondern auch die Haufigkeit dieser Schocks bei der Beurteilung der besten Eignung verschiedener Bestrebungen sachdienlich ist.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

Volume (Year): 32 (1998)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 49-61

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Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:32:y:1998:i:1:p:49-61

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Related research

Keywords: Regional Industrial Development; Variable Macroenvironments; Agglomeration Economies; Population-ECOLOGY Models;

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  1. Papageorgiou, G. J., 1979. "Agglomeration," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 9(1), pages 41-59, February.
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