Advanced Search
MyIDEAS: Login

On the Appropriate Use of Location Quotients in Generating Regional Input-Output Tables: Reply


Author Info

  • A. T. Flegg
  • C. D. Webber
Registered author(s):


    FLEGG A. T. and WEBBER C. D. (1997) On the appropriate use of location quotients in generating regional input-output tables: reply, Reg. Studies 31, 795-805. In this paper, we respond to Steven Brand's criticisms of our FLQ formula for adjusting national input-output tables to take account of interregional trade. We argue that the FLQ's cross-industry foundations are theoretically appropriate and that our approach provides a rigorous basis for testing the traditional assumption of identical regional and national technology. We provide a more detailed rationale for the role of regional size in the FLQ formula and also present a revised version of this formula. Notwithstanding Brand's criticisms, we aim to demonstrate that the FLQ remains a very useful addition to the regional analyst's tool box. FLEGG A. T. et WEBBER C. D. (1997) Sur l'emploi approprie des quotients de localisation pour construire des tableaux d'echanges intersectoriels regionaux: une reponse, Reg. Studies 31, 795-805. Cet article cherche a repondre aux critiques de Steven Brand sur notre formule FLQ qui sert a ajuster les tableaux d'echanges intersectoriels nationaux pour tenir compte des echanges interregionaux. Pour nous, les bases interindstrielles du FLQ sont en principe appropriees et notre approche fournit une base rigoureuse pour tester la supposition classique d'une technologie regionale et nationale identiques. Nous fournissons une explication plus detaillee du role de la taille de la region dans la formule FLQ et presentons une version revisee de cette formule. En depit des critiques de Brand, nous cherchons a demontrer que le FLQ represente toujours un outil supplementaire tres utile pour l'analyste regional. FLEGG A. T. und WEBBER C. D.(1997) Zur angemessenen Benutzung von Standortquotienten (FLQ) bei der Aufstellung regionaler Aufwand-Ertragstabellen: Entgegnung, Reg. Studies 31, 795-805. Der vorliegende Aufsatz ist eine Entgegnung auf Steven Brands Kritik an der FLQ Formel der oben genannten Autoren zur Anpassung von Landesaufwand- und Ertragstabellen unter Beru�cksichtigung des interregionalen Handels. Die Autoren treten dafu�r ein, dass FLQs Industrie u�berschreitende Gru�ndungen theoretisch geeignet sind, und dass ihr Ansatz eine wissenschaftlich rigorose Basis fu�r die Pru�fung der traditionellen Annahme darstellt, dass Regionaltechnologie mit Technologie auf Landesebene identisch ist. Sie sorgen fu�r eine eingehendere rationale Erkla�rung der Rolle der Regionalgro�sse in der FLQ Formel und legen daru�berhinaus eine u�berarbeitete Version dieser Formel vor. Ungeachtet Brands Kritik beabsichtigen sie, aufzuzeigen, dass die FLQ ein ho�chst nu�tzliches, zusa�tzliches Gera�t in der Ausru�stung des Regionalanalysten bildet.

    Download Info

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
    File URL:
    Download Restriction: Access to full text is restricted to subscribers.

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to look for a different version under "Related research" (further below) or search for a different version of it.

    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

    Volume (Year): 31 (1997)
    Issue (Month): 8 ()
    Pages: 795-805

    as in new window
    Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:31:y:1997:i:8:p:795-805

    Contact details of provider:
    Web page:

    Order Information:

    Related research

    Keywords: Input-OUTPUT; Location Quotients; Regional Models;


    No references listed on IDEAS
    You can help add them by filling out this form.


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as in new window

    Cited by:
    1. Anthony T. Flegg & Timo Tohmo, 2013. "Estimating regional input coefficients and multipliers: The Use of the FLQ is not a Gamble," Working Papers 20131302, Department of Accounting, Economics and Finance, Bristol Business School, University of the West of England, Bristol.
    2. Kristinn Hermannsson, 2013. "Beyond Intermediates: The Role of Consumption and Commuting in the Construction of Local Input-Output Tables," Working Papers 1305, University of Strathclyde Business School, Department of Economics.
    3. Bonfiglio, Andrea, 2006. "The Impact of Romania's Accession to the EU. An Analysis of the Effects of Regional Development Policy Through a Multi-regional I-O Model," Agricultural Economics Review, Greek Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 7(2), August.
    4. Lu, Zheng & Flegg, A.Tony & Deng, Xiang, 2011. "Regional specialization: a measure method and the trends in China," MPRA Paper 33867, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Jahn, Malte, 2013. "Economics of extreme weather events in cities: Terminology and regional impact models," HWWI Research Papers 143, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWI).
    6. José Belbute & António Caleiro & Gertrudes Guerreiro & Elsa Vaz & Ana Eduardo, 2012. "The input-output table for the Alentejo Region in Portugal," ERSA conference papers ersa12p387, European Regional Science Association.
    7. Andrea BONFIGLIO, 2005. "Ca Non-survey Methods Substitute for Survey-based Models ? A Performance Analysis of Indirect Techniques of Estimating I-O Coefficients and Multipliers," Working Papers 230, Universita' Politecnica delle Marche (I), Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali.
    8. Kowalewski, Julia, 2012. "Inter-industrial relations and sectoral employment development in German regions," HWWI Research Papers 127, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWI).
    9. Kowalewski, Julia, 2012. "Regionalization of national input-output tables: Empirical evidence on the use of the FLQ formula," HWWI Research Papers 126, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWI).
    10. Frei, Xenia & Kowalewski, Julia, 2013. "Sektorale und regionale Betroffenheit durch den Klimawandel am Beispiel der Metropolregion Hamburg," HWWI Research Papers 139, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWI).
    11. Julia Kowalewski, 2013. "Inter-industrial Relations and Sectoral Employment Development in German Regions," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), Justus-Liebig University Giessen, Department of Statistics and Economics, vol. 233(4), pages 486-504, July.
    12. A. T. Flegg & C. D. Webber, 2000. "Regional Size, Regional Specialization and the FLQ Formula," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 34(6), pages 563-569.
    13. Kristinn Hermannsson & Stuart G McIntyre, 2013. "Local consumption and territorial based accounting for CO2 emissions," Working Papers 1315, University of Strathclyde Business School, Department of Economics.
    14. Andrea BONFIGLIO, 2005. "Analysing EU Accession Effects in Romania by a Multiregional I-O Model," Working Papers 226, Universita' Politecnica delle Marche (I), Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali.
    15. Tobias Kronenberg, 2012. "Regional input-output models and the treatment of imports in the European System of Accounts (ESA)," Jahrbuch für Regionalwissenschaft, Springer, vol. 32(2), pages 175-191, September.
    16. Bonfiglio, Andrea, 2005. "The Impact of EU Accession in Romania: An Analysis of Regional Development Policy Effects by a Multiregional I-O Model," 2005 International Congress, August 23-27, 2005, Copenhagen, Denmark 24492, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
    17. Andrea BONFIGLIO, 2008. "Evaluating Implications of Agricultural Policies in a Rural Region through a CGE Analysis," Working Papers 328, Universita' Politecnica delle Marche (I), Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali.
    18. Andrea BONFIGLIO & Francesco CHELLI, 2004. "An Impact Analysis of SAPARD in Rural Areas by Alternative Methods of Regionalization," Working Papers 218, Universita' Politecnica delle Marche (I), Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali.


    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.


    Access and download statistics


    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:31:y:1997:i:8:p:795-805. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Michael McNulty).

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.