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Sectoral gender wage gap in Vietnam

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  • Amy Liu

Abstract

Vietnam is under pressure to reduce the size of the state sector. Using the Vietnam Living Standards Survey 1997-98, the paper examines the impact of this change on the gender earnings gap. Women have traditionally been over-represented in the state sector. After exiting the state sector, some seek jobs in the private sector. Estimation of separate earnings equations by sector suggests that the gender pay gaps in the state-owned enterprises and the private sector are comparable. One may then conclude that women's relative economic position may not have worsened significantly. However, Appleton's decomposition (1999) has demonstrated that the gender pay gap would be much wider if men and women were equally distributed between state and private sectors. Given that further downsizing is planned, it is important to increase women's human capital to reduce their vulnerability. Equal pay legislation and paid maternity leave are some policies that can reduce within-sector earnings inequality.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Oxford Development Studies.

Volume (Year): 32 (2004)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 225-239

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Handle: RePEc:taf:oxdevs:v:32:y:2004:i:2:p:225-239

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Remco H. Oostendorp & Doan Hong Quang, 2011. "The Impact of Trade Liberalization on the Return to Education in Vietnam: Wage versus Employment Effect," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 11-060/3, Tinbergen Institute, revised 04 Apr 2011.
  2. Woojin Kang & Katsushi Imai, 2010. "Pro-Poor Growth, Poverty and Inequality in Rural Vietnam," The School of Economics Discussion Paper Series 1011, Economics, The University of Manchester.
  3. Chaudhuri, Sanjukta, 2010. "Women's Empowerment in South Asia and Southeast Asia: A Comparative Analysis," MPRA Paper 19686, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  4. Huong Vu & Steven Lim & Mark Holmes & Tinh Doan, 2012. "Firm Exporting and Employee Benefits: First Evidence from Vietnam Manufacturing SMEs," Working Papers in Economics 12/12, University of Waikato, Department of Economics.
  5. repec:hal:wpaper:halshs-00564653 is not listed on IDEAS
  6. Chicha, Marie-Thérèse, 2006. "A comparative analysis of promoting pay equity : models and impacts," ILO Working Papers 399524, International Labour Organization.
  7. Goulding, Kristine, 2013. "Gender dimensions of national employment policies : a 24-country study," ILO Working Papers 483583, International Labour Organization.
  8. Goulding, Kristine, 2013. "Gender dimensions of national employment policies : a 24-country study," ILO Working Papers 484309, International Labour Organization.
  9. Stephanie Seguino, 2008. "Gender, Distribution, and Balance of Payments (revised 10/08)," Working Papers wp133_revised, Political Economy Research Institute, University of Massachusetts at Amherst.
  10. Vu, Van Huong, 2012. "Does export participation affect wages and employment quality? the case of Vietnamese SMEs," MPRA Paper 38696, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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