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India needs sanitation policy reform to enhance public health

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  • Govindasamy Agoramoorthy
  • Minna Hsu
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    Abstract

    We investigate the impact of 100 newly built toilets in villages across Dahod District (Gujarat State, India) by a non-government agency during 2005-2007. The toilets significantly reduced not only the cost of medical treatments but also the loss of wages induced by sanitation-related diseases. Money saved from sanitation illnesses for one person for a period of two years could cover the cost of a toilet. It costs USD 200 to build a cost-effective toilet, but the Government of India's 25% subsidy since January 2009 covers only USD 50. We recommend increasing the subsidy for toilets so that future health care to treat sanitation illnesses can be significantly reduced.

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    File URL: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/17487870903314625
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Journal of Economic Policy Reform.

    Volume (Year): 12 (2009)
    Issue (Month): 4 ()
    Pages: 333-342

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    Handle: RePEc:taf:jpolrf:v:12:y:2009:i:4:p:333-342

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    Related research

    Keywords: sanitation reform; toilet; society; health; economy; India;

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