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International trade and uneven growth: a model with intersectoral spillovers of knowledge

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Author Info

  • Marina Murat
  • Francesco Pigliaru

Abstract

We analyse a world economy composed of a continuum of small countries producing two final goods, the learning-by-doing potentials of which differ significantly. In autarky, the knowledge accumulated in the high-learning sector spills over into the low-learning one. A steady-state equilibrium common to all countries exists, in which both goods are produced. The steady-state growth rate is higher the larger is the relative share of the leading sector in the economy. Trade leads to complete specialization. In the absence of international spillovers, the growth rates of the trading countries diverge according to their comparative advantage. Both dynamic gains and losses from trade may be present. Further, we explore the possibility of international transmission of knowledge. The latter generates convergence of long-run growth rates across countries, with the duration of such a convergence being a decreasing function of the intensity of the international spillovers.

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File URL: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/09638199800000012
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal The Journal of International Trade & Economic Development.

Volume (Year): 7 (1998)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 221-236

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Handle: RePEc:taf:jitecd:v:7:y:1998:i:2:p:221-236

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Related research

Keywords: International trade; economic growth; industrialization;

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Cited by:
  1. Rinaldo Brau & Alessandro Lanza & Francesco Pigliaru, 2003. "How Fast are the Tourism Countries Growing? The cross-country evidence," Working Papers 2003.85, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.
  2. Francesco Pigliaru & Alessandro Lanza, 2003. "How fast are the tourism countries growing? The international evidence, 1980-95," ERSA conference papers ersa03p234, European Regional Science Association.
  3. A. Lanza & F. Pigliaru, 1999. "Why Are Tourism Countries Small and Fast-Growing?," Working Paper CRENoS 199906, Centre for North South Economic Research, University of Cagliari and Sassari, Sardinia.
  4. Wang, Ming-cheng & Fang, Chen-ray & Huang, Li-hsuan, 2009. "International knowledge spillovers and wage inequality in developing countries," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 26(6), pages 1208-1214, November.
  5. R. Brau & A. Lanza & F. Pigliaru, 2003. "How fast are tourism countries growing? The cross country evidence," Working Paper CRENoS 200309, Centre for North South Economic Research, University of Cagliari and Sassari, Sardinia.
  6. F. Cerina & F. Pigliaru, 2005. "Agglomeration and Growth in the NEG: a critical assessment," Working Paper CRENoS 200510, Centre for North South Economic Research, University of Cagliari and Sassari, Sardinia.
  7. Maria Sassi, 2007. "Agriculture and structural change: economic convergence among European regions," QA - Rivista dell'Associazione Rossi-Doria, Associazione Rossi Doria, issue 2, May.

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