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Which manufacturing firms learn by exporting?

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  • Armando Silva
  • Oscar Afonso
  • Ana Paula Africano

Abstract

Using a longitudinal database (1996--2003) at the plant level, this article analyses the causal nexus between international trade engagement and productivity in Portugal. By applying the propensity score matching and a differences-in-differences estimator, the learning-by-exporting hypothesis is analysed in particular. A higher growth of labour productivity and total factor productivity is found for new exporting firms. To uncover the channels through which the learning effects are driven, the same methodology is applied to some sub-samples. Learning effects are higher for new exporters that are also importers or start importing at the same time. Other factors affecting learning ability are found in firms exporting to more developed markets, in those that achieve a certain threshold of export intensity and mainly for those firms that belong to sectors where Portugal has a comparative disadvantage.

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File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1080/09638199.2010.534811
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal The Journal of International Trade & Economic Development.

Volume (Year): 21 (2012)
Issue (Month): 6 (December)
Pages: 773-805

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Handle: RePEc:taf:jitecd:v:21:y:2012:i:6:p:773-805

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Cited by:
  1. Sánchez, Patricio & Gallego, Elena & Rivero, Dolores & Lago-Peñas, Santiago, 2014. "El impacto de la internacionalización sobre las empresas: Evidencia empírica para el caso español
    [The impact of internationalization on firms: Empirical evidence for the Spanish case]
    ," MPRA Paper 54602, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Marcel van den Berg & Charles van Marrewijk, 2013. "Imports and productivity: the impact of geography and factor intensity," Working Papers, Utrecht School of Economics 13-12, Utrecht School of Economics.
  3. Carlos Carreira, 2013. "Learning, Exporting and Firm Productivity: Evidence from Portuguese Manufacturing and Services Firms," GEMF Working Papers 2013-23, GEMF - Faculdade de Economia, Universidade de Coimbra.

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