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The evidence on the impact of gentrification: new lessons for the urban renaissance?

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  • Rowland Atkinson
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    Abstract

    Does gentrification help or harm residential neighbourhoods and what are the implications of this evidence for current urban policies? This paper reports on a systematic review of the English-language research literature on gentrification which attempted to identify the range of costs and benefits associated with the process. It is concluded from this that existing evidence on gentrification shows it to have been largely harmful, predominantly through household displacement and community conflict. The paper then turns to the question of whether current UK urban policy developments are likely to engender gentrification. It is argued that, on the one hand, the language of gentrification processes have been used widely in regeneration policy documents to suggest positive forces for local housing and neighbourhood change. Meanwhile, policy instruments designed to deliver an urban renaissance suggest responses to the problem of gentrification in particular regional contexts and the promotion of gentrification itself in other localities. The paper concludes that the aims of an inclusive renaissance agenda appear to have been discarded in favour of policies which pursue revitalization through gentrification and displacement.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal International Journal of Housing Policy.

    Volume (Year): 4 (2004)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 107-131

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    Handle: RePEc:taf:intjhp:v:4:y:2004:i:1:p:107-131

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    Related research

    Keywords: Gentrification; housing and urban policy; neighbourhood change; United Kingdom;

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    Cited by:
    1. Hans Lind & Anders Hellström, 2006. "Market Rents and Economic Segregation: Evidence From a Natural Experiment," European Journal of Housing Policy, Taylor and Francis Journals, vol. 6(2), pages 167-189, August.
    2. Ahlfeldt, Gabriel M., 2011. "Blessing or curse? Appreciation, amenities and resistance to urban renewal," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 41(1), pages 32-45, January.
    3. Tobler, Amy L. & Komro, Kelli A., 2011. "Contemporary options for longitudinal follow-up: Lessons learned from a cohort of urban adolescents," Evaluation and Program Planning, Elsevier, vol. 34(2), pages 87-96, May.
    4. Gabriel Ahlfeldt, 2010. "Blessing or Curse? Appreciation, Amenities and Resistance around the Berlin "Mediaspree"," Working Papers 032, Chair for Economic Policy, University of Hamburg.
    5. Sung Kin Pun & Chunlu Liu & Craig Langston, 2006. "Case study of demolition costs of residential buildings," Construction Management and Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 24(9), pages 967-976.
    6. Ruth Lupton & Crispian Fuller, 2009. "Mixed communities: a new approach to spatially concentrated poverty in England," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 27086, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.

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