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On the intensity and balance of intra-European migration


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  • Tapan Biswas
  • Jolian McHardy


This paper seeks to examine changes in the balance of intra-European migration during the years 1985-99. We construct two indices for measuring intra-European migration between each member state and the rest of the EU15. Non-parametric tests indicate that there is a close and increasing relationship between real GDP per capita and the pattern of net migration within Europe. Further, statistical tests suggest that, on the whole, intra-European migration has actually become more balanced after the implementation of the Schengen agreement in 1995. A Chow test also reveals that 1995 is the break-year after which levels of intra-European migration shifted upwards.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal International Economic Journal.

Volume (Year): 18 (2001)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 505-520

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Handle: RePEc:taf:intecj:v:18:y:2001:i:4:p:505-520

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Related research

Keywords: Migration; Europe; Schengen Agreement; JEL Classification: F22; J61; O52;

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Cited by:
  1. Tapan Biswas & Jo McHardy & Michael Nolan, 2008. "Inter-regional Migration: The UK experience," Working Papers 2008003, The University of Sheffield, Department of Economics, revised Feb 2008.
  2. Tapan Biswas & Jolian McHardy, 2005. "Measuring the balance of intra-regional migration," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 37(19), pages 2221-2230.
  3. Tapan Biswas & Jolian McHardy, 2004. "Measuring the Balance of Intra-Regional Trade," Working Papers 2004005, The University of Sheffield, Department of Economics, revised Jun 2004.


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