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Economic Literature on Price Discrimination and its Application to the Uniform Pricing of Gasoline

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Author Info

  • James Langenfeld
  • Wenqing Li
  • George Schink
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    Abstract

    This article summarizes much of the literature on price discrimination, discussing the alterative approaches and the general conclusions on price discrimination's impact on output, prices, and welfare. It applies lessons from the literature to a specific proposal that would eliminate arbitrage in California wholesales gasoline markets, and in effect prevent some forms of price discrimination. It concludes that applying extensions of the existing models to industry data is very important for gaining a better understanding of the implications price discrimination, and the current debate on price dispersion would benefit from such research.

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    File URL: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/13571510305065
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal International Journal of the Economics of Business.

    Volume (Year): 10 (2003)
    Issue (Month): 2 ()
    Pages: 179-193

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    Handle: RePEc:taf:ijecbs:v:10:y:2003:i:2:p:179-193

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    Web page: http://www.tandfonline.com/CIJB20

    Order Information:
    Web: http://www.tandfonline.com/pricing/journal/CIJB20

    Related research

    Keywords: Price Discrimination; Uniform Pricing; Gasoline; Oligopolistic Competition; Ricardian Equilibrium;

    References

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    Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
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    1. Yoshihiro Yoshida, 2000. "Third-Degree Price Discrimination in Input Markets: Output and Welfare," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 90(1), pages 240-246, March.
    2. Varian, Hal R, 1985. "Price Discrimination and Social Welfare," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 75(4), pages 870-75, September.
    3. DeGraba, Patrick, 1990. "Input Market Price Discrimination and the Choice of Technology," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 80(5), pages 1246-53, December.
    4. O'Brien, Daniel P & Shaffer, Greg, 1994. "The Welfare Effects of Forbidding Discriminatory Discounts: A Secondary Line Analysis of Robinson-Patman," Journal of Law, Economics and Organization, Oxford University Press, vol. 10(2), pages 296-318, October.
    5. Katz, Michael L, 1987. "The Welfare Effects of Third-Degree Price Discrimination in," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 77(1), pages 154-67, March.
    6. Schmalensee, Richard., 1980. "Output and welfare implications of monopolistic third-degree price discrimination," Working papers 1095-80., Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Sloan School of Management.
    7. Schwartz, Marius, 1990. "Third-Degree Price Discrimination and Output: Generalizing a Welfare Result," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 80(5), pages 1259-62, December.
    8. William Comanor & Jon Riddle, 2003. "The Costs of Regulation: Branded Open Supply and Uniform Pricing of Gasoline," International Journal of the Economics of Business, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 10(2), pages 135-155.
    9. Nahata, Babu & Ostaszewski, Krzysztof & Sahoo, P K, 1990. "Direction of Price Changes in Third-Degree Price Discrimination," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 80(5), pages 1254-58, December.
    10. Kenneth S. Corts, 1998. "Third-Degree Price Discrimination in Oligopoly: All-Out Competition and Strategic Commitment," RAND Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 29(2), pages 306-323, Summer.
    11. Holmes, Thomas J, 1989. "The Effects of Third-Degree Price Discrimination in Oligopoly," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 79(1), pages 244-50, March.
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    Cited by:
    1. Ku, Cheng-Yuan & Chang, Yi-Wen, 2012. "Optimal production and selling policies with fixed-price contracts and contingent-price offers," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 137(1), pages 94-101.

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