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Gender Differences in Time Use over the Life Course in France, Italy, Sweden, and the US

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  • Dominique Anxo
  • Letizia Mencarini
  • Ariane Pailhe
  • Anne Solaz
  • Maria Letizia Tanturri
  • Lennart Flood

Abstract

This contribution analyzes how men and women in France, Italy, Sweden, and the United States use their time over the life cycle and the extent to which societal and institutional contexts influence the gender division of labor. In order to test the hypothesis that contextual factors play a crucial role in shaping time allocation, this study considers countries that diverge considerably in terms of welfare state regime, employment and paid working time systems, family policies, and social norms. Using national time-use surveys for the late 1990s and early 2000s and regression techniques, the study not only finds large gender discrepancies in time use in each country at all stages of life but also determines that institutional contexts, in particular the design of family policies and employment regimes, do shape gender roles in different ways, and that Sweden displays the lowest gender gap in time allocation across the life course.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Feminist Economics.

Volume (Year): 17 (2011)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 159-195

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Handle: RePEc:taf:femeco:v:17:y:2011:i:3:p:159-195

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Related research

Keywords: Gender division of labor; life course; paid work; time budget surveys; time use; unpaid household work;

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Cited by:
  1. Christoph Wunder & Guido Heineck, 2012. "Working Time Preferences, Hours Mismatch and Well-Being of Couples: Are There Spillovers?," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 471, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
  2. Anne Solaz & Francois-Charles Wolff, 2013. "Intergenerational correlation of domestic work: Does gender matter?," Working Papers halshs-00853391, HAL.
  3. Margareta Kreimer & Ricardo Mora, 2013. "Segregated integration : recent trends in the Austrian gender division of labor," Economics Working Papers we1317, Universidad Carlos III, Departamento de Economía.
  4. Ragni Hege Kitterød & Marit Rønsen, 2013. "Does parenthood imply less specialization than before? Tales from the Norwegian time use surveys 1980-2010," Discussion Papers 757, Research Department of Statistics Norway.
  5. Cem Başlevent & Hasan Kirmanoğlu, 2014. "The Impact of Deviations from Desired Hours of Work on the Life Satisfaction of Employees," Social Indicators Research, Springer, vol. 118(1), pages 33-43, August.
  6. Adele Menniti & Pietro Demurtas & Serena Arima & Alessandra De Rose, . "Gender inequality at home when mothers work. The case of Italy," Working Papers 130/14, Sapienza University of Rome, Metodi e modelli per l'economia, il territorio e la finanza MEMOTEF.
  7. Zhelyazkova, Nevena, 2013. "Parental leave within the broader work-family trajectory: What can we learn from sequence analysis?," MERIT Working Papers 049, United Nations University - Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT).

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