The Impact of Gender Inequality in Education and Employment on Economic Growth: New Evidence for a Panel of Countries
AbstractUsing cross-country and panel regressions, we investigate to what extent gender gaps in education and employment (proxied using gender gaps in labor force participation) reduce economic growth. Using the most recent data and investigating an extended time period (1960-2000), we update the results of previous studies on education gaps on growth and extend the analysis to employment gaps using panel data. We find that gender gaps in education and employment considerably reduce economic growth. The combined “costs” of education and employment gaps in the Middle East and North Africa, and South Asia amount respectively to 0.9-1.7 and 0.1-1.6 percentage point differences in growth compared to East Asia. Gender gaps in employment appear to have an increasing effect on economic growth differences between regions, with the Middle East and North Africa, and South Asia suffering from slower growth in female employment.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Feminist Economics.
Volume (Year): 15 (2009)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
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Web page: http://www.tandfonline.com/RFEC20
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- JEL - Labor and Demographic Economics - - - - -
- Cod - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - - - -
- J7 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination
- J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
- O4 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity
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Blog mentionsAs found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
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by Terra Lawson-Remer in Development Channel on 2012-08-21 19:04:48
- Sports, Gender Equality, and Development
by Terra Lawson-Remer in Development Channel on 2013-05-14 18:37:14
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