GRAS versus minimizing absolute and squared differences: a comment
AbstractJunius and Oosterhaven (2003) developed the GRAS algorithm that minimizes the information gain when updating input-output tables with both positive and negative signs. Jackson and Murray (2004), however, claim that minimizing squared differences in coefficients produces a smaller information gain, which is theoretically impossible. In this comment, calculation errors are sorted out from differences in measures, and it is shown that the information gain needs to be taken in absolute terms when increasing and decreasing cell values occur together. The numerical results show that GRAS outperforms both sign-preserving alternatives in all but one comparison of lesser economic importance. Moreover, as opposed to the result of Jackson and Murray, they show that minimizing absolute differences consistently outperforms minimizing squared differences, which overweighs large errors in small coefficients.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Economic Systems Research.
Volume (Year): 17 (2005)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
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