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Analytical Problems in Decomposing the System-wide Effects of Sectoral Technical Change

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  • Francis Cronin
  • Mark Gold
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    Abstract

    The disaggregated structure of input-output (IO) analysis makes it very attractive in analyzing technical change. Various authors have applied IO models in comparative static experiments to measure the effects of observed technical changes in individual industries on economy-wide total output (or related primary input) requirements. Less often have researchers performed similar analyses on the effects of changes across all consuming industries in the productive consumption of a sector's output, because of the need to append an external analysis of substitution. Despite the obstacles to joint analyses of sectoral production and cross-sectoral consumption change, its appeal has long been recognized. In this paper, an anomaly in such analyses is presented: the sum of the separate effects of changes in production and changes in productive consumption does not equal the effects of the joint change. A comparative static exercise reveals the root cause of the anomaly: essentially, an index number problem. Empirical analyses are performed across a comprehensive set of US sectors to estimate the range of discrepancies.

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    File URL: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/09535319800000024
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Economic Systems Research.

    Volume (Year): 10 (1998)
    Issue (Month): 4 ()
    Pages: 325-336

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    Handle: RePEc:taf:ecsysr:v:10:y:1998:i:4:p:325-336

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    Related research

    Keywords: Technological change; structural change; productivity; system-wide savings; decomposition analysis;

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    Cited by:
    1. Julio Sanchez-Choliz & Rosa Duarte, 2000. "The Economic Impacts of Newly Irrigated Areas in the Ebro Valley," Economic Systems Research, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 12(1), pages 83-98.
    2. Aying Liu & David Saal, 2001. "Structural Change in Apartheid-era South Africa: 1975-93," Economic Systems Research, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 13(3), pages 235-257.
    3. Erik Dietzenbacher & Bart Los, 2000. "Structural Decomposition Analyses with Dependent Determinants," Economic Systems Research, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 12(4), pages 497-514.

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