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Absorptive capacity and innovative performance: A human capital approach

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  • Anker Lund Vinding
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    Abstract

    This study investigates the importance of human capital on the firms' absorptive capacity, in relation to firms' innovative performance. The estimation of an ordered probit model including 1544 firms from the manufacturing and service industry in Denmark shows that the share of highly educated employees, application of human resource management practices within the firm and development of a closer relationship with both vertically related actors and knowledge institutions are not only positively correlated with the ability to innovate but also negatively correlated with the degree of innovative imitation. Finally, work experience among managers, heads of departments and employees at the managerial level is negatively associated with the ability to innovate for science-based and ICT-intensive firms, thus indicating the importance of updating the skills of the employees in these high-tech sectors.

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    File URL: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/10438590500513057
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Economics of Innovation and New Technology.

    Volume (Year): 15 (2006)
    Issue (Month): 4-5 ()
    Pages: 507-517

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    Handle: RePEc:taf:ecinnt:v:15:y:2006:i:4-5:p:507-517

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    Related research

    Keywords: Cooperation; Education; Human resource management practices; Work experience; Innovative performance;

    References

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    1. Kaufmann, Alexander & Todtling, Franz, 2001. "Science-industry interaction in the process of innovation: the importance of boundary-crossing between systems," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 30(5), pages 791-804, May.
    2. Tether, Bruce S., 2002. "Who co-operates for innovation, and why: An empirical analysis," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 31(6), pages 947-967, August.
    3. Lisa De Propris, 2000. "Innovation And Inter-Firm Co-Operation: The Case Of The West Midlands," Economics of Innovation and New Technology, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 9(5), pages 421-446.
    4. Romijn, Henny & Albaladejo, Manuel, 2002. "Determinants of innovation capability in small electronics and software firms in southeast England," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 31(7), pages 1053-1067, September.
    5. Arora, Ashish & Gambardella, Alfonso, 1990. "Complementarity and External Linkages: The Strategies of the Large Firms in Biotechnology," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 38(4), pages 361-79, June.
    6. Keld Laursen, 2001. "The Importance of Sectoral Differences in the Application of (Complementary) HRM Practices for Innovation Performance," DRUID Working Papers 01-11, DRUID, Copenhagen Business School, Department of Industrial Economics and Strategy/Aalborg University, Department of Business Studies.
    7. Acs, Zoltan J & Audretsch, David B, 1988. "Innovation in Large and Small Firms: An Empirical Analysis," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 78(4), pages 678-90, September.
    8. Malerba, Franco & Orsenigo, Luigi, 1995. "Schumpeterian Patterns of Innovation," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 19(1), pages 47-65, February.
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