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Culture and knowledge spillovers in Europe: New perspectives for innovation and convergence policies?

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  • Caroline Hussler

Abstract

Using European patent citations, we examine the geography of knowledge flows within Europe. We aim at analysing whether technologies flow more rapidly among countries that share similar economic, geographic, technological or cultural characteristics. The specificity of our approach consists in integrating indicators of culture and cultural similarity. The empirical results suggest that cultural distance has only a mitigated and moderate impact in comparison with other proximities. On the contrary, cultural belonging is shown to influence the geography of knowledge flows and innovation. More precisely, if some populations develop thanks to external knowledge exploitation, others rather explore internal new ideas and knowledge. In such a differentiated context (we find three types of culture), the efficiency of innovative policy seems to be culturally dependent.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Economics of Innovation and New Technology.

Volume (Year): 13 (2004)
Issue (Month): 6 ()
Pages: 523-541

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Handle: RePEc:taf:ecinnt:v:13:y:2004:i:6:p:523-541

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Related research

Keywords: Culture; Knowledge spillovers; Proximity; Europe; Innovation policy;

References

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  1. Jaffe, Adam B & Trajtenberg, Manuel & Henderson, Rebecca, 1993. "Geographic Localization of Knowledge Spillovers as Evidenced by Patent Citations," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 108(3), pages 577-98, August.
  2. Paul Romer, 1989. "Endogenous Technological Change," NBER Working Papers 3210, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Guillaume Gaulier & Frédéric Carluer, 2001. "Les productivités des régions françaises sur moyenne période. Une convergence de façade," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, Programme National Persée, vol. 52(1), pages 147-166.
  4. Jeffrey I. Bernstein & Pierre Mohnen, 1994. "International R & D Spillovers between U.S. and Japanese R & D intensive sectors," Cahiers de recherche du Département des sciences économiques, UQAM, Université du Québec à Montréal, Département des sciences économiques 9406, Université du Québec à Montréal, Département des sciences économiques.
  5. Stefano Breschi & Francesco Lissoni, 2001. "Knowledge spillovers and local innovation systems: a critical survey," LIUC Papers in Economics, Cattaneo University (LIUC) 84, Cattaneo University (LIUC).
  6. Laura Bottazzi & Giovanni Peri, . "Innovation and Spillovers in Regions: Evidence from European Patent Data," Working Papers, IGIER (Innocenzo Gasparini Institute for Economic Research), Bocconi University 215, IGIER (Innocenzo Gasparini Institute for Economic Research), Bocconi University.
  7. Bruce Kogut & Harbir Singh, 1988. "The Effect of National Culture on the Choice of Entry Mode," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 19(3), pages 411-432, September.
  8. W H Davidson & Donald G McFetridge, 1985. "Key Characteristics in the Choice of International Technology Transfer Mode," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 16(2), pages 5-21, June.
  9. Maurseth, Per Botolf & Verspagen, Bart, 2002. " Knowledge Spillovers in Europe: A Patent Citations Analysis," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 104(4), pages 531-45, December.
  10. Jaffe, Adam B, 1989. "Real Effects of Academic Research," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 79(5), pages 957-70, December.
  11. Breschi, Stefano & Lissoni, Francesco & Malerba, Franco, 2003. "Knowledge-relatedness in firm technological diversification," Research Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 32(1), pages 69-87, January.
  12. Pierre Mohnen, 1992. "International R&D Spillovers," Cahiers de recherche du Département des sciences économiques, UQAM, Université du Québec à Montréal, Département des sciences économiques 9208, Université du Québec à Montréal, Département des sciences économiques.
  13. Globerman, Steven & Kokko, Ari & Sjoholm, Fredrik, 2000. "International Technology Diffusion: Evidence from Swedish Patent Data," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 53(1), pages 17-38.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Marco, Alan C., 2006. "Patent protection, creative destruction, and generic entry in pharmaceuticals: Evidence from patent and pricing data," Vassar College Department of Economics Working Paper Series, Vassar College Department of Economics 83, Vassar College Department of Economics.
  2. Sylvain Amisse & Paul Muller & Caroline Hussler & Patrick Rondé, 2011. "Do birds of a feather flock together? Proximities and inter-clusters network," ERSA conference papers, European Regional Science Association ersa11p1896, European Regional Science Association.
  3. Lobo, José & Strumsky, Deborah, 2008. "Metropolitan patenting, inventor agglomeration and social networks: A tale of two effects," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 63(3), pages 871-884, May.
  4. Moreno, Georgina, 2005. "Intrafirm Effects on Water Conservation in Agriculture," 2005 Annual meeting, July 24-27, Providence, RI, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association) 19166, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
  5. Vecchi, Alessandra & Brennan, Louis, 2009. "A cultural perspective on innovation in international manufacturing," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 23(2), pages 181-192, June.
  6. Wang, Jue & Liu, Xiaming & Wei, Yingqi & Wang, Chengang, 2014. "Cultural Proximity and Local Firms’ catch up with Multinational Enterprises," World Development, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 1-13.
  7. Bettencourt, Luis M.A. & Lobo, Jose & Strumsky, Deborah, 2007. "Invention in the city: Increasing returns to patenting as a scaling function of metropolitan size," Research Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 36(1), pages 107-120, February.

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