Changes in poverty in Zimbabwe between 1990 and 1996: Worsening outcomes under adverse conditions
AbstractThe article examines changes in poverty and sources of change in Zimbabwe between 1990 and 1996. Comparable national survey data are used for both periods. Findings indicate that levels of wellbeing and poverty worsened during the period, although there is some evidence that inequality is lower in the latter year. Rural poverty is more prevalent, severe and deeper than that in urban areas, but urban poverty grew dramatically during the period. Much of the growth of urban poverty is associated with economic restructuring and the failure of the urban economy to produce high-quality jobs. While the educational attainment of the urban population grew during the 1990s, secondary and higher levels of education were no longer a guarantee of escape from poverty in 1995/6. In rural areas, all land-use types exhibited an increase in poverty; these findings are robust to the welfare measure chosen.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Development Southern Africa.
Volume (Year): 18 (2001)
Issue (Month): 5 ()
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