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The impact of defence spending on the economic growth of developing countries: A cross-section study

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  • Hannah Galvin
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    Abstract

    This study analyses the defence-growth relationship for 64 developing economies using cross-section data. It analyses the impact of military expenditure on economic growth with a demand and supply side model using simultaneous equation methodologies (2SLS and 3SLS). The empirical results, bearing in mind the possible inaccuracies of the data set and given the chosen model, suggest that defence spending has a negative impact on both the rate of economic growth and the savings-income ratio. Yet it also indicates that the effect is greater for middle-income nations which may have less to gain from defence sector spill-overs. The results also indicate that strategic factors, as much as economic constraints, determine defence spending in developing countries.

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    File URL: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/10242690302932
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Defence and Peace Economics.

    Volume (Year): 14 (2003)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 51-59

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    Handle: RePEc:taf:defpea:v:14:y:2003:i:1:p:51-59

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    Web page: http://www.tandfonline.com/GDPE20

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    Related research

    Keywords: Defence-growth Relationship; Crowding-out; Spill-overs; Determinants Of Defence Expenditure;

    References

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    1. James Murdoch & Chung-Ron Pi & Todd Sandler, 1997. "The impact of defense and non-defense public spending on growth in Asia and Latin America," Defence and Peace Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 8(2), pages 205-224.
    2. Feder, Gershon, 1983. "On exports and economic growth," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 12(1-2), pages 59-73.
    3. Biswas, Basudeb & Ram, Rati, 1986. "Military Expenditures and Economic Growth in Less Developed Countries: An Augmented Model and Further Evidence," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 34(2), pages 361-72, January.
    4. Faini, Riccardo & Annez, Patricia & Taylor, Lance, 1984. "Defense Spending, Economic Structure, and Growth: Evidence among Countries and Over Time," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 32(3), pages 487-98, April.
    5. Lotz, Joergen R, 1970. "Patterns of Government Spending in Developing Countries," The Manchester School of Economic & Social Studies, University of Manchester, vol. 38(2), pages 119-44, June.
    6. Paul Dunne & Eftychia Nikolaidou, 2001. "Military expenditure and economic growth: A demand and supply model for Greece, 1960-96," Defence and Peace Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 12(1), pages 47-67.
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    Cited by:
    1. Hsien-Hung Kung & Jennifer C. H. Min, 2013. "Military Spending and Economic Growth Nexus in Sixteen Latin and South American Countries: A Bootstrap Panel Causality Test," Journal for Economic Forecasting, Institute for Economic Forecasting, vol. 0(4), pages 171-185, December.
    2. Halicioglu Ferda, 2005. "An Econometric Analysis Of The Effects Of Aggregate Defense Spending On Aggregate Output: The Case Of Turkey, 1950-2002," Macroeconomics 0503009, EconWPA.
    3. Hirnissa, M.T & Habibullah, M.S. & Baharom, A.H., 2008. "Military and Economic Growth in ASEAN-5 Countries," MPRA Paper 13108, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. F.M.Shaikh, 2007. "Role Of Pakistani Women In Sme Compare With Developed Countries. A Comparative Analysis," JOURNAL STUDIA UNIVERSITATIS BABES-BOLYAI NEGOTIA, Babes-Bolyai University, Faculty of Business.
    5. Bassam AbuAl-Foul, . "Military Spending and Economic Growth: Evidence from Jordan," Economics Working Papers 19-04/2014, School of Business Administration, American University of Sharjah.
    6. Alptekin, Aynur & Levine, Paul, 2012. "Military expenditure and economic growth: A meta-analysis," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 28(4), pages 636-650.
    7. Chen, Pei-Fen & Lee, Chien-Chiang & Chiu, Yi-Bin, 2014. "The nexus between defense expenditure and economic growth: New global evidence," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 474-483.
    8. Kumudini R. Ganegodage & Alicia N. Rambaldi, 2012. "Economic Consequences of War: Evidence from Sri Lanka," Discussion Papers Series 453, School of Economics, University of Queensland, Australia.
    9. Tiwari, Aviral & Shahbaz, Muhammad, 2011. "Does Defence Spending Stimulate Economic Growth in India?," MPRA Paper 30880, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 18 Apr 2011.

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