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Do dollar forecasters believe too much in PPP?

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  • Lukas Menkhoff
  • Rafael Rebitzky
  • Michael Schroder

Abstract

This article extends earlier studies on exchange-rate expectations' formation by using new data and adding information about forecasters' reliance on fundamental analysis for the first time. We replicate the conventional result of nonrational expectations. Moreover, biases in expectations are identified as professionals significantly believe too much in mean reversion, mean being represented by purchasing power parity (PPP). When respondents are grouped on their reliance to fundamental analysis, fundamentalists reveal an even stronger bias. Those, who rely the least on fundamentals - preferring technical analysis instead - show a significantly smaller bias towards PPP in lieu of expecting too much trend extrapolation. Biased beliefs will grow stronger when the US Dollar is further away from PPP. Finally, the accuracy of the expectations is poor for both groups, however, we find directional forecasting ability.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Applied Economics.

Volume (Year): 40 (2008)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 261-270

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Handle: RePEc:taf:applec:v:40:y:2008:i:3:p:261-270

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References

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  1. Suk-Joong Kim, 1997. "Testing the rationality of exchange rate and interest rate expectations: an empirical study of Australian survey-based expectations," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 29(8), pages 1011-1022.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Dick, Christian D. & Menkhoff, Lukas, 2012. "Exchange rate expectations of chartists and fundamentalists," ZEW Discussion Papers 12-026, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  2. Pierdzioch, Christian & Rülke, Jan Christoph & Stadtmann, Georg, 2012. "House price forecasts in times of crisis: Do forecasters herd?," Discussion Papers 318, European University Viadrina Frankfurt (Oder), Department of Business Administration and Economics.
  3. Menkhoff, Lukas & Rebitzky, Rafael R., 2008. "Investor sentiment in the US-dollar: Longer-term, non-linear orientation on PPP," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 15(3), pages 455-467, June.
  4. Jongen, Ron & Verschoor, Willem F.C. & Wolff, Christian C.P. & Zwinkels, Remco C.J., 2012. "Explaining dispersion in foreign exchange expectations: A heterogeneous agent approach," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 36(5), pages 719-735.

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