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Are dividend and investment decisions separable?

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  • P. S. Sanju
  • P. S. Nirmala
  • M. Ramachandran

Abstract

In this study, we address an econometric issue which has so far been neglected by the empirical studies on separation principle. The earlier studies largely applied Granger causality test by differencing the data if they are integrated time series. Such an approach produces specification bias if integrated variables in level are cointegrated and thus, ignoring the long run dynamics among the variables. To circumvent this problem, we test for cointegration between investments and dividends and estimate a dynamic panel vector error correction model. Annual time series data over the period 1995 to 2008 for various sectors chosen on the basis of the available sectoral indices of National Stock Exchange are considered for empirical analysis. The empirical evidence derived from group mean and lambda-Pearson tests seem to indicate that there is long run causal link between investments and dividends and therefore, firms' decisions regarding dividend payout and investments are inseparable.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Applied Financial Economics.

Volume (Year): 21 (2011)
Issue (Month): 20 ()
Pages: 1515-1524

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Handle: RePEc:taf:apfiec:v:21:y:2011:i:20:p:1515-1524

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Related research

Keywords: separation principle; panel unit root; panel cointegration; FMOLS method;

References

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  1. Merton H. Miller & Franco Modigliani, 1961. "Dividend Policy, Growth, and the Valuation of Shares," The Journal of Business, University of Chicago Press, vol. 34, pages 411.
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  3. Mbodja Mougoue, 2008. "An empirical re-examination of the dividend-investment relation," Quantitative Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 8(5), pages 533-546.
  4. Smirlock, Michael & Marshall, William, 1983. " An Examination of the Empirical Relationship between the Dividend and Investment Decisions: A Note," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 38(5), pages 1659-67, December.
  5. Carl Chiarella & Toan Pham & Ah Boon Sim & Madeleine Tan, 1991. "The Interaction of the Financing and Investment Decisions: Preliminary Results in the Australian Context," Working Paper Series 4, Finance Discipline Group, UTS Business School, University of Technology, Sydney.
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  7. McDonald, John G. & Jacquillat, Bertrand & Nussenbaum, Maurice, 1975. "Dividend, Investment and Financing Decisions: Empirical Evidence on French Firms," Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, Cambridge University Press, vol. 10(05), pages 741-755, December.
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  14. Fama, Eugene F, 1974. "The Empirical Relationships Between the Dividend and Investment Decisions of Firms," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 64(3), pages 304-18, June.
  15. Phoebus J. Dhrymes & Mordecai Kurz, 1967. "Investment, Dividend, and External Finance Behavior of Firms," NBER Chapters, in: Determinants of Investment Behavior, pages 427-486 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  16. Saumitra N. Bhaduri & S. Raja Sethu Durai, 2006. "Empirical relationship between the dividend and investment decision: do emerging market firms behave differently?," Applied Financial Economics Letters, Taylor and Francis Journals, vol. 2(3), pages 155-158, May.
  17. Peter Pedroni, 2000. "Fully Modified OLS for Heterogeneous Cointegrated Panels," Department of Economics Working Papers 2000-03, Department of Economics, Williams College.
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